When Scotland Was Jewish
DNA Evidence, Archeology, Analysis of Migrations, and Public and Family Records Show Twelfth Century Semitic Roots
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About the Book
The popular image of Scotland is dominated by widely recognized elements of Celtic culture. But a significant non–Celtic influence on Scotland’s history has been largely ignored for centuries? This book argues that much of Scotland’s history and culture from 1100 forward is Jewish. The authors provide evidence that many of the national heroes, villains, rulers, nobles, traders, merchants, bishops, guild members, burgesses, and ministers of Scotland were of Jewish descent, their ancestors originating in France and Spain.
Much of the traditional historical account of Scotland, it is proposed, rests on fundamental interpretive errors, perpetuated in order to affirm Scotland’s identity as a Celtic, Christian society. A more accurate and profound understanding of Scottish history has thus been buried.
The authors’ wide-ranging research includes examination of census records, archaeological artifacts, castle carvings, cemetery inscriptions, religious seals, coinage, burgess and guild member rolls, noble genealogies, family crests, portraiture, and geographic place names.
About the Author(s)
Elizabeth Caldwell Hirschman and Donald N. Yates
Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Bibliographic Info: 71 photos, charts, maps, appendices, notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2013 
Table of Contents
1. The Origins of Scotland 3
2. DNA and Population Studies: “But Why Do You Think They Were Jewish?” 24
3. Genealogies of the First Wave of Jewish Families, 1100–1350 C.E. 44
4. Genealogies of the Second Wave of Jewish Families, 1350–1700 C.E. 71
5. The Early Jews of France, 700–1200 C.E. 79
6. When Did Jews Arrive in Scotland? 88
7. To Scotland’s Stirling, Ayr, and Glasgow 97
8. The Knights Templar, Freemasons and Cabala in Scotland 131
9. The Judaic Colony at Aberdeen 152
10. The Religions of Scotland: Did Presbyterianism Have Crypto-Jewish Origins? 192
11. Jews in the National Consciousness of Scotland: Scott’s Ivanhoe 205
Appendix A: Raw Scores for Participants in Melungeon DNA Surname Project 215
Appendix B: Naming and Jewish Priest-Kings 218
Appendix C: Early Jewish Names in France and England 220
Appendix D: Davidic Jewish Genealogies 229
Appendix E: Border Reiver DNA 232
Chapter Notes 233
Book Reviews & Awards
“fascinating”—Ancestry Worship Genealogy; “‘brazen’…blatantly contradicts established notions of Scottish history; and that is precisely the intent…deliberate, serious…extensive bibliography”—Reference & Research Book News.