The White House

An Illustrated Architectural History

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About the Book

Formerly known as the President’s House, then the Executive Mansion, and now for a long time the White House, this famous structure has a fascinating architectural history of ongoing change. The white painted façade of James Hoban’s original structure has been added to and strengthened for more than 200 years, and its interior is a repository of some of America’s greatest treasures. Artists such as Benjamin Latrobe, Pierre-Antoine Bellangé, the Herter Brothers, Louis Tiffany, Charles McKim, Lorenzo Winslow, Stephane Boudin, Edward Vason Jones, and a host of others fashioned interiors that welcomed and inspired visitors both foreign and domestic. This meticulous history, featuring more than 325 photographs, diagrams and other illustrations, captures each stage of the White House’s architectural and decorative evolution.

About the Author(s)

Patrick Phillips-Schrock is a professor of French and history from Des Moines, Iowa.

Bibliographic Details

Patrick Phillips-Schrock
Format: hardcover (8.5 x 11)
Pages: 224
Bibliographic Info: 457 (40 in color) photos, appendices, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2013
pISBN: 978-0-7864-7152-2
eISBN: 978-0-7864-9330-2
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments  ix

Foreword by James Archer Abbott  1

Introduction  3

 1. The First Presidential Houses in New York City and Philadelphia, 1789–1800 5

 2. The President’s Palace Planned, 1790–1792 18

 3. Competition for the Design of the President’s House, 1792 20

 4. Construction, 1792–1800 31

 5. Revision, 1801–1809 33

Between pages 38 and 39 are 16 color plates containing 40 images

 6. The Burning of the President’s House, 1814–1815 39

 7. Rebuilding the Executive Mansion, 1815–1860 41

 8. Modernization, 1860–1902 49

 9. Restoration of the White House, 1902–1916 57

10. Enlargement, 1927–1945 65

11. Renovation, 1949–1952 70

12. Revitalization, 1961–1969 77

13. Preservation, 1970–2012 82

14. The White House as a National Monument 89

15. Interior Detail: The Blue Room, 1792–2012 96

Appendices:

A. The Entrance Hall 115

B. The East Room 117

C. The Former Grand Stair and the State Dining Room 120

D. The Family Dining Room 125

E. The North Central Suite 128

F. Comparisons of the Château de Rastignac with the White House 131

G. The White House in Miniature 133

H. White House Interiors in Film 134

I. The Bellangé Oval Room Suite 136

J. The Orangery and Conservatories 139

K. The Jefferson Icehouse, 1801 143

L. The White House Visitor Center 144

M. Selected Inventories and Room Usage 145

The Three Floors of Hoban’s Original Design, 1792 145

Inventory of the President’s House, February 26, 1801 146

Inventory of the President’s House, February 19, 1809 148

1817 Shipment of Furnishings 154

Inventory of the Executive Mansion, March 25, 1825 157

Inventory of Furniture (etc.) in the President’s House,

  January 1st, 1849 162

1865 Inventory of the President’s House, May 26, 1865 167

Partial List of Furnishings in the White House, 1946 172

New Furniture and Furnishings, 1952 174

Donations Received During Renovation Period (1952) 178

Room Usage in 2010 178

Partial Inventory of Furnishings in the Philadelphia

  President’s House, 1797 180

Commentary on the Inventories 182

Notes  185

Bibliography  190

Index  193

Book Reviews & Awards

“splendid…highly recommended”—Choice; “a strong addition…very highly recommended”—Midwest Book Review; “Phillips-Schrock shows the evolution of the White House from palace to house to palace-fortress”—Reference & Research Book News.