The Union Sixth Army Corps in the Chancellorsville Campaign

A Study of the Engagements of Second Fredericksburg, Salem Church and Banks’s Ford, May 3–4, 1863


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About the Book

The winter of 1862-1863 found the Union Army of the Potomac in sad shape, after bloody battles, multiple defeats, lack of adequate provisions and high desertion rates. When Major General Joseph Hooker took command, he set about revamping conditions. Instructed by President Lincoln to make the destruction of General Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia the Union’s top priority, Hooker mounted the Chancellorsville Campaign. Lee’s aggressive battlefield manner coupled with Hooker’s failure to initiate an assault led to a sound defeat by Confederate forces and left Hooker—who ultimately had only himself and his lack of initiative to blame—looking for a scapegoat. Among those Hooker attempted to hold responsible was the courageous Sixth Army Corps, Major General John Sedgwick commanding, the unit responsible for the sole Union victory of the entire campaign. This history of the battlefield engagements of the Sixth Army Corps on May 3 and 4, 1863, is compiled from contemporary accounts and a variety of postwar histories.

About the Author(s)

Philip W. Parsons is an educator in Maine State School District 22. A member of several Civil War roundtables, he lives in Hampden, Maine.

Bibliographic Details

Philip W. Parsons
Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 221
Bibliographic Info: 39 photos, maps, appendices, notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2010 [2006]
pISBN: 978-0-7864-6112-7
eISBN: 978-1-4766-1022-1
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments      v

Foreword by Mac Wyckoff      1

Preface      5

1. “No Advance Beyond Chancellorsville…”      9

2. “May God Help Us and Give Us Victory”      20

3. Make a Demonstration      31

4. “The Enemy Is Fleeing…”      40

5. “Between Us We Will Use Him Up”      48

6. Forward Into Battery      54

7. Second Fredericksburg      65

8 “A Force Yet to His Front”      81

9. Salem Church      94

10. “I Find Everything Snug Here”      111

11. Battle for Scott’s Ford      126

12. “An Immediate Reply Is Indispensable…”      138

13. “While Such a Spirit Prevails”      150

Epilogue      164

Appendix A: The Organization of the Armies, Spring 1863      169

Appendix B: Emblems of Valor      176

Appendix C: Deeds of Valor      178

Appendix D: Trophies of Battle      180

Appendix E: Campaign Aftermath      182

Appendix F: Chancellorsville Campaign Timeline, April 13–May 8, 1863      184

Chapter Notes      187

Bibliography      199

Index      207

Book Reviews & Awards

“insightful analysis…recommended…worthwhile contribution”—Civil War News.