The Star Gate Archives (Vol. 3)

Reports of the United States Government Sponsored Psi Program, 1972–1995. Volume 3: Psychokinesis

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About the Book

Star Gate is the largest funded program in the history of psi research receiving about $19.933 million in funding from 1972 to 1995. Researchers from SRI International, and later at Science Applications International Corporation, in association with various U.S. intelligence agencies participated in this program.
Using the remote viewing method, research focused on understanding the applicability and nature of psi in general but mostly upon informational psi. Volume 1: Remote Viewing (1972–1984) and Volume 2: Remote Viewing (1985–1995) include all aspects of RV including laboratory trials and several operational results. Volume 3: Psychokinesis focuses on laboratory investigations. Volume 4: Operational Remote Viewing: Government Memorandums and Reports includes an analysis of the applied remote viewing program and a selection of documents that provide a narrative on the behind the scenes activities of Star Gate.
In a total of 504 separate missions from 1972 to 1995, remote viewing produced actionable intelligence prompting 89 percent of the customers to return with additional missions. The Star Gate data indicate that informational psi is a valid phenomenon. These data have led to the development of a physics and neuroscience based testable model for the underlying mechanism, which considers informational psi as a normal, albeit atypical, phenomenon.
The Star Gate data found insufficient evidence to support the causal psi (psychokinesis) hypothesis.

About the Author(s)

Edwin C. May, Ph.D. (Nuclear Physics), is a leading figure in anomalous cognition research, and has authored more than 500 research and technical papers in this area. He was with the U.S. government’s psi research program, Star Gate, from late 1975 to 1995, and was the research director from 1985 to 1995, at SRI International and SAIC. He is the president of the Laboratories for Fundamental Research in Palo Alto, California.
Sonali Bhatt Marwaha, Ph.D. (Psychology), is a research associate with the Laboratories for Fundamental Research. Her interests include a synthesis of the cognitive sciences and anomalous cognition research which can lead to theoretical developments in the field. She lives in India.

Bibliographic Details

Compiled and Edited by Edwin C. May and Sonali Bhatt Marwaha
Format: softcover (8.5 x 11)
Pages: 481
Bibliographic Info: tables, graphs, appendices, glossary, bibliography, indexes
Copyright Date: 2019
pISBN: 978-1-4766-6754-6
eISBN: 978-1-4766-2795-3
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Foreword by William S. Cohen 1

Foreword by Richard S. Broughton 2

Preface by Edwin C. May 5

Psychokinesis Research in the Star Gate Program: An Introduction    

Edwin C. May and Sonali Bhatt Marwaha 7

▪ Soviet Parapsychology ◊ Psychokinesis Research in the Soviet Union ▪ Causal Psi (Psychokinesis) Research in the Star Gate Program ◊ Protocol Problems in PK Experiments ◊ Causal Psi Research at SRI ◊ Research in ­Micro-PK ◊ Research in ­Bio-PK ▪ Foreign Assessment ▪ Concluding Remarks ◊ Conclusions from the Psycho­kinesis Research Effort ◊ Conclusions from the Remote Viewing Research Effort ◊ The Post–Star Gate Era

Psychokinesis on Physical Systems

1975 (Proposal)—Magnetometer Stability Studies—Proposal    

Harold E. Puthoff and Russell Targ 24

▪ Introduction ▪ Background ◊ ­Shielded-Magnetometer Observation (Pilot Experiment) ◊ Experiments with Superconducting Differential Magnetometer (Gradiometer) ▪ Proposed Program ◊ Objective ◊ Statement of Work

1975 (Experiment)—Identification of the Nature of Paranormal Phenomena and Energy    Harold E. Puthoff and Russell Targ 29

▪ Experiments with Physical Apparatus ◊ Experiments with Geiger Counter ◊ Experiments with ­Laser-Monitored Torsion Pendulum ◊ Experiments with Superconducting Differential Magnetometer (Gradiometer) ◊ Discussion of Physical Perturbation Effects

Annex: Universal Randomization Protocol 33

1979 (Protocol)—Proposed Grill Flame Protocol: Task II—Proposed SRI International Protocol for Research On Remote Perturbation Techniques    

Edwin C. May, Harold E. Puthoff and Russell Targ 34

▪ Introduction ◊ General ◊ Early Demonstrations with Ingo Swann ◊ Database for RNG Experiments ◊ Scientific Merits ◊ Technical Application ▪ Experiments ◊ General ◊ Assumptions ◊ Independent Variables ◊ Dependent Variables ◊ Hardware ▪ Participants ◊ Selection Criteria ◊ Payment Criteria ◊ Experiment Duration ◊ Number of Participants ◊ Volunteer Consent Form ◊ Medical Facilities ◊ Debriefing Schedule ▪ Investigation Analysis Criteria ▪ Environment

1980 (Hardware Construction)—Phase I Hardware Construction and System Evaluation    

Edwin C. May and G. Scott Hubbard 43

▪ Abstract ▪ Executive Summary ◊ General ◊ System Description ◊ System Testing ◊ System Isolation and Interference Protection ◊ Results ▪ System Description ◊ Sources ◊ Analysis and Control ◊ Display ▪ Subsystem Testing ◊ Noise Diode RNG ◊ β-Decay RNG ◊ Computer Pseudorandom Generator ▪ System Analysis ▪ Conclusions

Annex A: Technical Construction Details of Random Sources 53

◊ Introduction ◊ Noise Diode Source ◊ Electron Noise Source ◊ Power System ◊ Packaging ◊ Data Receiver Unit

Annex B: Technical Details of Special Interface Board 57

▪ Introduction ◊ Functional Description

1980 (Experiment)—Electronic System Perturbation Techniques    

Edwin C. May, Beverly S. Humphrey and G. Scott Hubbard 59

▪ Objective ▪ Executive Summary ▪ Introduction ▪ Random Number Generator System ◊ Hardware ◊ System Testing ◊ System Isolation and Interference Protection ◊ System Certification Testing Results ▪ Experiment Protocol ◊ Definitions ◊ Data Acquisition Session Description ◊ Controls ◊ Test Requirements ◊ Records ◊ Trial Invalidation Requirements ◊ General Considerations ▪ Results ◊ Pilot Phase ◊ Global Control Runs ◊ Formal Phase ▪ Discussion

Annex: Chronological Literature Survey of RNG Experiments (1970–1979) 69

1982 (Review)—Countermeasures: A Survey and Evaluation    

G. Scott Hubbard and Edwin C. May 74

▪ Objective ▪ Introduction ▪ Literature Survey and Evaluation ▪ Theoretical Considerations for Psychoenergetic Intrusion ▪ Recommendations ▪ Bibliography by Category

1982 (Theoretical)—A Hardware Approach Toward Replicability    

Edwin C. May 79

1983 (Theoretical)—Psychokinetic Research at SRI    

Edwin C. May 84

1985 (Meta-analysis)—Psi Experiments with Random Number Generators: ­Meta-Analysis Part 1    

Dean I. Radin, Edwin C. May and Martha J. Thomson 88

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ◊ Background: On the Scent of a Trail ▪ Overview of a Typical RNG Experiment ▪ Procedure ◊ Source of References ◊ Defining an Experiment ◊ Results of Literature Review ▪ Addressing Criticisms of the Data ▪ Quality Analysis: A Proposal ◊ Explanation of RNG Weighting Criteria ◊ Method of Calculating ­Quality-Weighted Analysis ◊ Weighting the File Drawer Estimate ◊ Defining Experiments in the Quality Analysis ▪ Conclusion

1985 (Model)—Psi Experiments with Random Number Generators: An Informational Model / Sensor Disruption Model    

Edwin C. May, Dean Radin, G. Scott Hubbard, Beverly S. Humphrey and Jessica M. Utts 102

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ▪ Theoretical Considerations—Null Hypothesis ▪ Theoretical Considerations—Causal Psi Model (PK) ◊ Shift of the Mean ◊ Shift in Variance ▪ Theoretical Considerations—An Informational Model ▪ The Data ▪ Comparison of Models with the Data ◊ PK Shift of the Mean ◊ PK Shift of the Variance ◊ ∝ = −0.5 (Mean Shift) and (β = 0.0 (Variance Shift) ◊ Intuitive Data Sorting (IDS) ▪ Discussion ▪ Conclusions and Recommendations

1986 (Model)—Intuitive Data Sorting: An Informational Model of Psychoenergetic Functioning    

Edwin C. May 112

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ◊ A Conceptual Thought Experiment ◊ A Practical Thought Experiment ▪ Background ▪ Method of Approach ◊ Theoretical Considerations ◊ The SRI Pseudorandom Data ◊ The Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research Data ▪ Results and Discussion ◊ The PRNG Experiment Results ◊ The PEAR Results ▪ Conclusions and Recommendations

Scientific Oversight Committee Reviews 123

1987 (Experiment)—Intuitive Data Sorting    

Jessica M. Utts, Edwin C. May and Thane J. Frivold 124

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction and Background ◊ The IDS Theory ◊ IDS Experiments at SRI International ▪ Method of Approach ◊ Details of Computer Program ◊ Selection and Testing of Subjects ◊ Analysis ▪ Results and Conclusions

Annex A: Statistics Tables 129

Scientific Oversight Committee Reviews 130

1986 (Experiment)—An RNG Experiment to Test the Effects of Source and Distance    

G. Scott Hubbard and Edward F. Storm 131

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ▪ Method of Approach ◊ General Description ◊ Specific Experiment ◊ Overall Hypothesis and Analysis ◊ Communications Protocol ▪ Results and Discussion

Annex: Investigation of Psychoenergetic Distance Effects Obtained from Noise Sources with Different Characteristics    

Edward F. Storm and Robert L. Morris 134

▪ Introduction ▪ Experimental Design and Design Goals ▪ Hardware Design and Construction ▪ Software Documentation

Scientific Oversight Committee Reviews 138

1986 (Hardware Construction)—Single α-Particle Experimental Hardware    

G. Scott Hubbard 139

◊ Radioactive Source ◊ Radiation Detector ◊ Data Acquisition and Signal Processing ◊ Environmental Considerations

1987 (Protocol)—Initial Protocol for Remote Action Interactions with α-Particles    

G. Scott Hubbard 143

▪ Introduction ▪ Method of Approach ◊ Hardware Considerations ◊ Participant Selection ◊ Data Collection ▪ Discussion

1986 (Experiment—Subcontract)—An Experiment to Examine the Possible Existence of Remote Action Effects in Piezoelectric Strain Gauges    

G. Scott Hubbard and Julian D. Isaacs 147

▪ Abstract ▪ Executive Summary ▪ Introduction ▪ Method of Approach ◊ Participant Selection and Training ◊ Hypotheses and Variables ◊ Hardware Construction ▪ Results and Discussion ◊ Individual Results ◊ Control Trials ◊ Possible Sources of Experimental Artifact ▪ Conclusions

Annex A: Strain Gauge Remote Action Screening Device    

Steven M. Ohriner 156

▪ General Description ◊ Strain Gauge Sensor and Preamplifier ◊ Processing Display Unit ◊ Performance

Annex B: Engineering Considerations and Construction Details of a

Piezoelectric Sensor System    

Philip B. Bentley 158

◊ Background ◊ Sensor Type ◊ Signal Amplification ◊ Environmental Isolation ◊ Mechanical Vibration ◊ Acoustic Vibration ◊ ­Heat-Induced Variations ◊ Electromagnetic Isolation

Annex C: The Remote Action Project JFK Final Report: 1986 Remote Action

Research Activities    

Julian J. Issacs 161

▪ Introduction ▪ Population Screening ◊ Screening Methodology ◊ The Screenings ◊ Criteria for Participant Selection ◊ Results of Screenings ◊ Participant Recruitment by Contacts ◊ Conclusions Regarding Selection ▪ Remote Action Training Sessions ◊ Training Sessions with Modified Screening Device ◊ Training Sessions with ­Twenty-Tone Device ◊ Training Sessions with Evaluation Device ◊ Criteria for Continuance of Training ◊ Overall Session Results ▪ Instrumental Design ◊ Psychological Requirements ◊ Recommended Evaluation Device Modifications ◊ Screening Device (SD) Characteristics ▪ Conclusions and Suggestions

Annex D: Remote Action Project Participant Information Form 168

Annex E: The JFK Committee for the Protection of Human Subjects 169

Scientific Oversight Committee Reviews 170

1987 (Experiment—Subcontract)—A Remote Action Experiment with a Piezoelectric Transducer    

G. Scott Hubbard, Philip P. Bentley, Patrice K. Pasturel and Julian J. Isaacs 172

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ▪ The 1986 Pilot RA Experiment ◊ Event Definition ◊ Experimental Protocol ◊ Results ▪ The 1987 RA Experiment ◊ Modifications to the 1986 Experiment ◊ Design and Construction of the Laboratory Apparatus ◊ Experimental Protocol ▪ Results and Discussion of the 1987 Experiment ◊ Primary Data Analysis ◊ Environmental Exclusion ◊ Cumulative Data Record ◊ PZT Signal Analysis ▪ Conclusions

Annex A: John F. Kennedy University Final Report 1987: Remote Action Research Activities    

Julian J. Isaacs 179

▪ Introduction ◊ Trainee Selection and Recruitment ◊ Instrumentation: Modifications for 1987 Research ◊ Control Runs: Introduction ◊ Training Sessions: Preliminary Orientation of Participants ◊ Overall Training Results ◊ SRI Evaluation Sessions: Motivational and Inhibitory Factors ◊ Instrumental Considerations ◊ Conclusions and Recommendations

Annex B: PZT Experiment System Description and Testing 199

▪ Design and Construction of the Laboratory Apparatus ▪ Transducer Susceptibilities ▪ Environmental Monitoring

Scientific Oversight Committee Reviews 206

1986 (Hardware Construction)—Remote Action Hardware Construction: A Quantum

Mechanical Photon Experiment    

Edwin C. May 207

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ▪ Background ▪ Method of Approach ▪ Conclusions and Recommendations

Annex: Interference of Independent Photon Beams: An Experiment to Replicate the ­Pfleegor-Mandel Results and to Test Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics    

Evan Harris Walker 210

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ▪ The Experiment ▪ Conclusions

Scientific Oversight Committee Reviews 213

1987 (Experiment)—A Quantum Measurement Experiment with a Single Photon Interferometer    

Edwin C. May. S.J.P. Spottiswoode, Tom Piantanida and Evan Harris Walker 214

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ▪ Method of Approach ◊ Background ◊ Experiment Outline ▪ Summary of Results and Discussion

Annex 1: Scientific Oversight Committee Reviews 217

Annex 2: Testing Schrödinger’s Paradox with a Michelson Interferometer    

Edwin C. May. S.J.P. Spottiswoode, Tom Piantanida and Evan Harris Walker 217

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ▪ The Cat and the Correlation of States ▪ Michelson Interferometer ▪ Michelson Interferometer with Fixed Setting AO Cells ▪ Michelson Interferometer Test of the Schrödinger Paradox ▪ Representation of the Photon ▪ The Apparatus ▪ Test Runs ▪ Experimental Results ▪ Conclusions

1989 (Meta-analysis)—Review of the Psychoenergetic Research Conducted at SRI International (1973–1988)    

Edwin C. May, Jessica M. Utts, Virginia V. Trask, Wanda W. Luke, Thane J. Frivold and Beverley S. Humphrey 223

▪ Objective ▪ Executive Summary ▪ Introduction ▪ Method of Approach ◊Analysis of Domain ◊ Database Management System ◊ Statistical Methods ▪ Results and Discussion ◊ Overall Results ◊ Results for Categories within the Informational Process ◊ Specific Results for Remote Viewing

Annex: Coding Sheets and Instructions for the ­Meta-Analysis 232

1993 (Protocol)—Anomalous Perturbation Experiment    

Edwin C. May 233

▪ Objective ▪ Background ◊ Historical Database ◊ Discussion ▪ Approach ◊ Protocol for a Pilot Study ◊ Analyses ▪ Conclusions

1994 (Protocol)—Replication of a Russian Experiment    

Edwin C. May, Wanda L.W. Luke, Christine L. James and S.J.P. Spottiswoode 237

▪ Objective ▪ Introduction ◊ Background ◊ Detector Design ◊ Film Measurement and Data Analysis ◊ Gratings ◊ Experimental Program

Psychokinesis on Biological Systems

1985 (Experiment)—Bacterial Mutation Study    

Beverly S. Humphrey and Edwin C. May 242

▪ Executive Summary ▪ Objective ▪ Introduction ▪ Methods of Approach ◊ Definition of Terms ◊ Biological Background ◊ Experimental Design ◊ Protocols ▪ Results and Discussion ▪ Suggestions for Future Studies ◊ The Role of Feedback ◊ Screening Criteria and Presentation of Psychoenergetic Task ◊ Biological Protocols ◊ Future Experiments with Other Biological Systems

Annex: Biological Materials 254

1986 (Experiment—Subcontract)—An Experiment to Test Apparent Remote Action

Effects on Electrodermal Activity    

G. Scott Hubbard and William W. Braud 255

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ▪ Method of Approach ▪ Results and Discussion ▪ Conclusions and Recommendations

Annex A: Possible Role of Intuitive Data Sorting in Biological Psychokinesis: A Pilot Study    

William W. Braud and Marilyn Schlitz 259

▪ Introduction ▪ Method ◊ Subjects ◊ Apparatus ▪ Procedure ▪ Results of the Pilot Experiment ▪ Discussion

Annex B: Possible Role of Intuitive Data Sorting in Biological Psychokinesis: A

Confirmation Experiment    

William W. Braud and Marilyn Schlitz 262

▪ Introduction ▪ Method ◊ Subjects ◊ Apparatus ▪ Procedure ▪ Results of the Confirmation Experiment ▪ Discussion

Scientific Oversight Committee Reviews 267

1986 (Experiment—Subcontract)—Measuring Remote Action Influence on the Vertical

Component of Dunaliella Velocity    

Edwin C. May, Beverly S. Humphrey and C.M. Pleass 269

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ◊ Remote Action ◊ Intuitive Data Sorting (IDS) ▪ Method of Approach ◊ Hardware ◊ Statistics ▪ Results and Recommendations ◊ Protocol ◊ Statistics ◊ IDS Considerations ▪ Conclusions

Annex A: Bio Laser Doppler Consciousness Research    

C.M. Pleass 274

▪ Baseline Data ▪ Protocol for an IDS Experiment ▪ Statistical Processing ▪ Participant Pool Characteristics ▪ Communication with SRI ▪ Microbiology ▪ Conclusion

Annex B: Behavioral Response of Microorganisms to Psi Stimulus Part II: Statistical

Analyses of Data from Dunaliella    

C.M. Pleass and N. Dean Dey 278

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ▪ Results ▪ Discussion ▪ Conclusion

Scientific Oversight Committee Reviews 285

1987 (Experiment—Subcontract)—A Remote Action Investigation with Marine Animals    

Edwin C. May and C.M. Pleass 286

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ▪ Review of the University of Delaware Remote Action Project ◊ Toward Increased Data Stability ◊ Protocol for Data Collection and Analysis ◊ Results ◊ Discussion

Annex: Evaluation of the Theory of Intuitive Data Sorting, and Its Application to

Bio Laser Doppler Data Generated By Marine Microorganisms    

C.M. Pleass 290

▪ Format for the Experiments ▪ Discussion of the Experimental Format ▪ Results ▪ Conclusions

Scientific Oversight Committee Reviews 298

1987 (Experiment—Subcontract)—Experimental Protocol for Hemolysis:

Confirmation Experiment    

G. Scott Hubbard, Jessica M. Utts and William W. Braud 299

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ◊ Background ◊ Overview ▪ Method of Approach ◊ Methodology ◊ Analysis ◊ Simulation of RA with Salinity Data ▪ Results and Discussion ◊ ANOVA Results ◊ RA versus IDS Results

Annex: Remote Influence of Hemolysis Rate: A Confirmation Study    

William W. Braud 305

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ◊ Summary of the Pilot Phase ◊ Summary of the Intermediate Phase of Salinity Tests ◊ Overview of the Confirmation Study ▪ Method of Approach ◊ Subjects ◊ Procedure ▪ Results ▪ Discussion

Scientific Oversight Committee Reviews 317

1993 (Experiment—Subcontract)—Autonomic Detection of Remote Observation

Experiment    

Marilyn Schlitz and Stephen LaBerge 318

▪ Objective ▪ Background ▪ Research Predictions ▪ Methods ◊ Apparatus ◊ Assessments ◊ Subjects ◊ Experimental Procedure ▪ Discussion and Conclusions

Annex A: Application for Participation 322

Annex B: NEO Personality Inventory—Overview 323

Annex C: Social Avoidance and Distress Scale—Overview    

David Watson and Ronald Friend 324

Annex D: Consent Form—Consent to Participate in a Proposed Study of Physiological Effects of Remote Observation 325

1994 (Experiment—Subcontract)—Autonomic Detection of Remote Observation: Two Conceptual Replications    

Marilyn J. Schlitz and Stephen LaBerge 326

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ▪ Methods ◊ Apparatus ◊ Assessments ◊ Subjects ◊ Experimental Procedure ▪ Results ◊ Alternative Hypotheses ▪ Conclusions

1995 (Model)—Decision Augmentation Theory: Toward a Model of Anomalous Mental Phenomena    

Edwin C. May, Jessica M. Utts and S. James P. Spottiswoode 332

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ▪ Background ◊ Brief Review of Models ◊ Historical Evolution of Decision Augmentation ▪ Decision Augmentation Theory—A General Description ◊ Development of a Formal Model ◊ General Considerations and Definitions ◊ Assumptions for DAT ◊ Calculation of the Expected Value and Variance of Z2 ◊ Retrospective Tests ◊ Prospective Tests ◊ Stouffer’s Z Tests ▪ Discussion ▪ Mathematical Derivations for the Decision Augmentation Theory ◊ Mean Chance Expectation ◊ ­Force-Like Interactions ◊ Informational Process

1995 (Model)—Applications of Decision Augmentation Theory    

Edwin C. May, S James P. Spottiswoode and Jessica M. Utts 341

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ▪ Review of Decision Augmentation Theory ▪ Review of an Influence Model ◊ Monte Carlo Verification ▪ Historical Binary RNG Database ▪ Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research Laboratory RNG Data ▪ A Prospective Test of DAT ▪ The Literature: Review and Comment ◊ Walker—September 1987 ◊ Bierman—1988 ◊ Braud and Schlitz—1989 ◊ Vassy—1990 ◊ Braud—1990 ◊ Dobyns—1993 ▪ Circumstantial Evidence Against an AP Model for RNG Data ◊ Internal Complexity of RNG Devices and Source Independence ◊ Effects with ­Pseudo-RNGs ◊ Precognitive AC ◊ SRI International’s RNG Experiment ◊ Mathematical Model of the Noise Diode ◊ Summary of Circumstantial Evidence Against AP ▪ Discussion and Conclusions

Psi Research: Foreign Assessment

1972 (Review)—Controlled Offensive Behavior—USSR. Part II: Parapsychology in the Soviet Union    

Capt. John D. LaMothe 354

▪ Preface ▪ Summary ▪ Part II: Parapsychology in the Soviet Union ◊ Section I: Background ◊ Section II: Significance of Parapsychology in the USSR ◊ Section III: The Apport Technique ◊ Section IV: ESP and Psychokinesis ◊ Section V: Summary and Military Implications ▪ Appendix I: Personnel and Institutes Parapsychology—USSR ◊ Part A. Affiliation Known ◊ Part B—Affiliation Unknown (1972) ▪ Appendix II: Future Trends ▪ Bibliography

1981 (Review)—Review of the Psychoenergetics Research Organization in the Soviet Union (1960 to 1980)    

Beverly S. Humphrey and Gary Langford 364

▪ Preface ▪ Executive Summary ▪ Introduction ▪ Soviet Planning and Research Organization ◊ Council of Ministers ◊ State Committee for Science and Technolgoy (GKNT) ◊ Academy of Sciences ◊ Scientific Problem Councils ◊ Scientific Professional Societies ▪ Soviet Psychoenergetics Research ◊ Early Indications of Government Interest in Psychoenergetics ◊ Soviet Psychoenergetics Research from 1975 to 1980 ▪ Conclusions

Annex: A: ­Time-Line Plot of Major Activities 370

Annex B: The A. S. Popov Society for Radioengineering, Electronics, and Communication 373

1982 (Review)—Psychoenergetics Research in the People’s Republic of China    

Harold E. Puthoff 374

▪ Abstract ▪ Background and Overview ◊ Chronology of Major Events ◊ Official Policy ▪ East-West Exchange ◊ China Psychoenergetics Tour—Introduction ◊ Institute of High Energy Physics (Beijing) ◊ Shanghai Meeting with Editorial Staff of Chinese Journal of Nature (‘Ziran Zazhi’) ◊ PRC Representation at Cambridge Conference ▪ Assessment and Conclusions ◊ Assessment ◊ Conclusions

Annex C: Partial Bibliography on Chinese Work on EHBF 380

1983 (Review)—Free World Psychoenergetics Research Survey    

Beverly S. Humphrey and Edwin C. May 382

▪ Introduction ▪ Methodology ◊ Article Selection Criteria ◊ Keyword System Development ◊ Keyword System Application ▪ Data

1993 (Review)—Travel Report: The Third National Scientific Meeting of the Chinese Society of Somatic Science (CSSS), Beijing, China    

Wanda L.W. Luke and Edwin C. May 393

▪ Objective ▪ Background ▪ Travel Report ◊ Initial Contact ◊ Conference Attendance ◊ Opening Remarks and Welcome ◊ Presented Papers ◊ Meetings ▪ Socio-Cultural Perspective ◊ Somatic Science ◊ Need for ­Socio-Historical Perspective ◊ Caveat ◊ ­Socio-Cultural Influences on Chinese Science ▪ Discussions and Conclusions

1993 (Review)—Anomalous Phenomenological Research: Current Status in Russia    

Edwin C. May and Laura V. Faith 405

▪ Abstract ▪ Anomalous Perturbation (AP) ◊ “Distant Influence” on Physical Systems ◊ Anomalous Perturbation on Biological Systems ◊ Conclusions ▪ Review of EMF Effects ◊ ELF Biological Effects ◊ Biological Effects of Centimeter Waves ◊ EHF Biological Effects ◊ Neurophysiological Studies of ELF and EHF Effects in Humans ▪ Novel Waves and Particles ◊ Longitudinal Electromagnetic Waves ◊ Exotic Particles ◊ Torsion Fields

1994 (Review)—Anomalous Mental Phenomena Research in Russia and the Former Soviet Union: A ­Follow-Up    

Larissa Vilenskaya and Edwin C. May 421

▪ Abstract ▪ Introduction ▪ “Distant Influence” on Physical Systems ◊ Introduction ◊ Optical Methods for the Study of AP Phenomena ◊ AP Effects on Analytical Balance ◊ Effect on the Acidity of Water ◊ Systems with Multiple Physical Sensors ▪ “Distant Influence” on Biological Systems ◊ Introduction ◊ Experiments with Tissue Cultures ◊ New Experiments on Distant Effect on Mice ◊ AP on Behavior of Laboratory Animals ◊ Biochemical Changes in Laboratory Animals as AP Targets ◊ Morphological Changes in Animals as AP Targets ◊ Human Physiology as AP Targets ◊ Human Performance as AP Targets ▪ Discussions and Conclusions

Appendices

I: Anomalous Mental Phenomena Processes 429

II: Anomalous Mental Phenomena Research Overview 430

III: Star Gate Oversight Committees 431

IV: Sample Statement of Work 433

V: Star Gate Funding (1972–1995) 435

VI: List of Subcontracts 436

VII: Star Gate Archives Statistics 439

VIII: Comprehensive Bibliography of SRI and SAIC Reports on the Star Gate Program 442

IX: SRI and SAIC Personnel 453

List of Abbreviations 456

Glossary 457

Author Index 463

Subject Index 465