The 25th North Carolina Troops in the Civil War

History and Roster of a Mountain-Bred Regiment

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About the Book

This historical account covers the 25th Regiment North Carolina Infantry Troops during the Civil War. Farmers and farmers’ sons left their mountain homesteads to enlist with the regiment at Asheville in July and August 1861 and to defend their homeland from a Yankee invasion. The book chronicles the unit’s defensive activities in the Carolina coastal regions and the battlefield actions at Seven Days, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Plymouth, Richmond and Petersburg. In addition, casualty and desertion statistics are included, along with a complete regimental roster and 118 photos, illustrations, and maps.

About the Author(s)

Engineering consultant Carroll C. Jones is a North Carolina native and Civil War enthusiast. He lives in Morristown, Tennessee.

Bibliographic Details

Carroll C. Jones
Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 324
Bibliographic Info: 118 photos, appendices, notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2014 [2009]
pISBN: 978-0-7864-9555-9
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments      vii

Preface      1

1. FLAMES OF SECESSION      5

2. FARMERS JOIN THE REBELLION      11

3. THE FABRIC OF THE 25TH REGIMENT N.C.      17

The Companies of the 25th Regiment N.C.      18

4. CAROLINA COASTAL DEFENSE      33

Defensive Duty Near Port Royal Sound      33

Too Late to New Bern      43

5. SEVEN DAYS BATTLES AROUND RICHMOND      49

Engagement at King’s School House      52

Battle of Malvern Hill      55

6. MARYLAND CAMPAIGN      60

Moving North      60

Capture of Harpers Ferry      67

Battle of Antietam      70

7. HEIGHTS OF FREDERICKSBURG      78

8. BACK TO NORTH CAROLINA      92

Eastern Carolina Coastal Defense.      92

Chancellorsville      98

Trouble in the Mountains      104

Capture of Plymouth      106

9. RICHMOND AND PETERSBURG FRONT      114

Battle of Drewry’s Bluff      114

Beauregard’s Stopgap Defense of Petersburg      116

10. SIEGE OF PETERSBURG      121

Battle of the Crater      121

Life in the Trenches      127

Battle of the Weldon Railroad      131

Long Winter of 1864–1865      133

11. WAR ON THE HOME FRONT      141

Conscription      141

Draft Evaders, Deserters and Tories      145

Bushwhackers All      148

12. A JOURNEY ENDED      153

Fort Stedman      153

Battle of Five Forks      158

Sacred Colors      161

13. CONCLUSION      167

14. CASUALTIES OF WAR      169

Casualty Estimates: Carolina Coastal Defense      171

Casualty Estimates: The Seven Days Battles      172

Casualty Estimates: Maryland Campaign      174

Casualty Estimates: Battle of Fredericksburg      177

Casualty Estimates: Eastern North Carolina Defense      178

Casualty Estimates: Richmond and Petersburg Defense      179

Summary of Casualties      180

Desertion in the Ranks      181

15. THE COLONEL AND HIS LIEUTENANT      183

Henry Middleton Rutledge: “The Boy Colonel”      183

William Harrison Hargrove: “A Useful Citizen”      197

ROSTER OF TROOPS      213

Appendix A: Command Structure      285

Appendix B: Parolees at Appomattox      287

Appendix C: Deployment of 25th N.C. Troops During the Civil War      289

Chapter Notes      295

Bibliography      301

Index      303

Book Reviews & Awards

Winner, Willie Parker Peace Award—North Carolina Society of Historians
“a well-written, beautifully illustrated history of one of the lesser-known North Carolina units”—Civil War News; “compelling insight”—NC Historical Review; “well-researched, marked by solid writing…a commendable history…recommended”—Blue & Gray Magazine; “this volume should be deemed the consummate source of information regarding the 25th NC Regiment”—Willie Parker Peace History Book Award; “In my personal opinion, Jones is now the world’s leading expert on the 25th North Carolina Infantry Regiment…extremely well written and researched. As regimental histories go, and I’ve read many of them, this is as good as it gets”—Terrell Garren, renowned western North Carolina Civil War historian and the author of The Secret of War and Mountain Myth.