Soviet-American Relations, 1953–1960

Diplomacy and Cultural Exchange During the Eisenhower Presidency


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About the Book

Dwight D. Eisenhower and Nikita Khrushchev presided over a pivotal period in Soviet-American relations. The ongoing Korean War and the lack of an American ambassador in Moscow illustrate the strain in Soviet-American relations at the start of Eisenhower’s presidency, but things changed after Stalin died only 44 days later. Stalin’s successors began to liberalize both domestic and foreign policy in what became known as the Thaw. There was an increase in diplomatic exchanges, including the first modern summit conferences. Of even greater importance, the Soviet leaders began to reestablish the scientific, cultural, and tourist contacts that had been broken under Stalin. Because political and ideological tensions remained and there were still restrictions on contacts, the Soviet overtures can best be described as a half-offered hand of friendship, and perhaps it was less of a thaw than the end of a blizzard. Nevertheless, these contacts began a process which would help end the Cold War three decades later.

This history of relations between the Soviet Union and the United States during the Eisenhower and Khrushchev administrations explores political, social and cultural exchanges, and assesses their impact upon the two countries. Besides diplomatic documents, memoirs from Americans and Soviets, and works of history, it relies upon eyewitness accounts by journalists, tourists and others to paint a detailed picture of the era. Notes are included for each chapter, and there is a bibliography and an index.

About the Author(s)

Victor Rosenberg lives in Cleveland, Ohio

Bibliographic Details

Victor Rosenberg

Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 332
Bibliographic Info: notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2005
pISBN: 978-0-7864-1934-0
eISBN: 978-1-4766-1060-3
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Preface      1

1. Two Specters      3
2. Soviet-American Relations at the Time of Stalin’s Death      22
3. Spring: The Soviet Peace Offensive of 1953      29
4. The German and Austrian Questions, 1953–1954      40
5. 1955: To the Geneva Summit Conference      59
6. 1955: The Geneva Summit Conference and After      71
7. 1956      91
8. 1957      108
9. The Two Societies: Social and Cultural Contacts      122
10. 1958 to Mid–1959      173
11. American Summer in Moscow, 1959      197
12. 1960      226
13. Aftermath and Conclusions: When the Weather Cleared      247

Notes      267
Bibliography      293
Index      315