Encyclopedia of Philosophers on Religion

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About the Book

The religious affiliations and beliefs of 152 prominent philosophers are presented here, in A–Z entries. Biographical information is given about each with a special focus on his or her religious upbringing, practice, and beliefs (or lack thereof). Each entry also contains a brief summary of the points each philosopher has made concerning God and religion. An examination of several complex issues, including the existence and nature of God, human immortality, and the nature of religious language and symbolism, is thus aided via numerous points of view.

About the Author(s)

Bernard J. Verkamp is a professor of philosophy at Vincennes University in Vincennes, Indiana. His articles have been published in The Journal of Religion, Journal of Religious Ethics and Faith and Philosophy among others. He lives in Vincennes.

Bibliographic Details

Bernard J. Verkamp
Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 239
Bibliographic Info: bibliographies, index
Copyright Date: 2010 [2008]
pISBN: 978-0-7864-4929-3
eISBN: 978-0-7864-5197-5
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Preface      ix

THE PHILOSOPHERS
Abe, Masao      1
Abelard, Peter      2
Adorno, Theodor W.      4
Alexander, Samuel      5
Alston, William P.      6
Anselm of Canterbury      8
Arendt, Hannah      9
Aristotle      11
Augustine      12
Averroës      13
Avicenna      15
Ayer, Alfred      16
Bacon, Francis      18
Bacon, Roger      19
Bataille, Georges      20
Bayle, Pierre      22
Bentham, Jeremy      23
Berdyaev, Nicholai      24
Bergson, Henri      26
Berkeley, George      27
Blanshard, Brand      28
Blondel, Maurice      30
Boethius      31
Bradley, Francis Herbert      32
Braithwaite, Richard B.      34
Brightman, Edgar Sheffield      35
Broad, Charlie Dunbar      37
Bruno, Giordano      38
Buber, Martin      39
Carnap, Rudolf      41
Cassirer, Ernst      42
Chrysippus      43
Cicero      45
Cleanthes      46
Clifford, William K.      48
Cohen, Hermann      49
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor      50
Comte, Auguste      52
Condorcet, Antoine-Nicolas de      53
Coomaraswamy, Ananda Kentish      55
Croce, Benedetto      56
Daly, Mary      57
Derrida, Jacques      59
Descartes, Rene      60
Dewey, John      61
Dilthey, Wilhelm      63
Duns Scotus, John      64
Emerson, Ralph Waldo      66
Empedocles      67
Epictetus      69
Epicurus      70
Fackenheim, Emil      71
Feuerbach, Ludwig      73
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb      74
Ficino, Marsilio      75
Flew, Antony      77
Foucault, Michel      78
Gadamer, Hans-Georg      80
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von      81
Habermas, Jürgen      83
Hartshorne, Charles      84
Hegel, G.W.F.      86
Heidegger, Martin      87
Heraclitus      89
Herbert of Cherbury, Edward      90
Herder, Johann Gottfried      91
Hick, John      93
Hobbes, Thomas      94
Hocking, William Ernest      96
Horkheimer, Max      97
Hume, David      99
Husserl, Edmund      100
Iamblichus      101
Irigaray, Luce      103
James, William      105
Jaspers, Karl      106
John Scottus Eriugena      107
Kant, Immanuel      109
Kemp Smith, Norman      110
Kierkegaard, Søren      112
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm      113
Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim      115
Levinas, Emmanuel      116
Locke, John      118
Lucretius      119
Macintyre, Alasdair      120
Maimonides, Moses      122
Malebranche, Nicolas      123
Marcel, Gabriel      125
Maritain, Jacques      126
Marx, Karl      127
Merleau-Ponty, Maurice      129
Mill, John Stuart      130
Montaigne, Michel de      132
Moore, George Edward      133
Murdoch, Iris      134
Nicholas of Cusa      136
Nietzsche, Friedrich      137
Nozick, Robert      139
Ortega y Gasset, José      140
Parmenides      141
Pascal, Blaise      143
Peirce, Charles Sanders      144
Phillips, D.Z.      146
Plantinga, Alvin      147
Plato      149
Plotinus      150
Plutarch      152
Porphyry      153
Proclus      155
Proudfoot, Wayne      156
Pythagoras      157
Radhakrishnan, Sarvepalli      159
Rand, Ayn      160
Randall, John Herman, Jr.      162
Rawls, John      163
Reid, Thomas      165
Rescher, Nicholas      166
Ricoeur, Paul      167
Rorty, Richard      169
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques      170
Royce, Josiah      172
Ruse, Michael      173
Russell, Bertrand      175
Santayana, George      176
Sartre, Jean-Paul      177
Scheler, Max      179
Schelling, Friedrich      180
Schleiermacher, Friedrich      182
Schopenhauer, Arthur      183
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus      185
Sextus Empiricus      186
Smart, Ninian      188
Socrates      189
Solovyov, Vladimir      191
Spencer, Herbert      192
Spinoza, Baruch      193
Suzuki, Daisetz Teitaro      195
Swinburne, Richard      196
Tennant, Frederick Robert      197
Thomas Aquinas      199
Thoreau, Henry David      200
Unamuno y Jugo, Miguel de      202
Vico, Giambattista      203
Voltaire      204
Von Hügel, Friedrich, Baron      206
Whitehead, Alfred North      207
William of Ockham      209
Wisdom, John      210
Wittgenstein, Ludwig      212
Xenophanes      213
Zeno of Citium      215

Index      217

Book Reviews & Awards

“this encyclopedia will be highly valuable to students and scholars…excellent”—Choice; “a sound…addition to one’s reference collection”—Journal of Religious & Theological Information.