The Weatherwomen

Militant Feminists of the Weather Underground

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About the Book

Assertive, tough, and idealistic, the Weatherwomen—members of the Weather Underground Organization (WUO) from the late 1960s—were determined to stamp out sexism and social injustice. They asserted that militancy was necessary in the pursuit of a socialist revolution that would produce gender, racial, and class equality. This book excavates their long buried history and reclaims the voices of the Weatherwomen.
The Weatherwomen’s militant feminism had many facets. It criticized the role of women in the home, was concerned with the subordination of women to men, attacked the gender pay gap, and supported female bodily integrity. The Weatherwomen also refined their own feminist ideology into an intersectional one that would incorporate multiple identity perspectives beyond the white, American, middle-class perspective. In shaping a feminist vision for the WUO, the Weatherwomen dealt with sexism within their own organization and were dismissed by some feminist groups of the time as inauthentic. This work strives to recognize the WUO’s militant feminist efforts, and the agency, autonomy, and empowerment of its female members, by concentrating on their actions and writings.

About the Author(s)

Mona Rocha is an instructor of classics and history at Fresno State. She has published on women’s history, feminist theory, and pop culture, including articles on Buffy, Sherlock Holmes, Dungeons & Dragons, and Veronica Mars.

Bibliographic Details

Mona Rocha
Format: softcover (6 x 9)
Pages: 235
Bibliographic Info: notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2020
pISBN: 978-1-4766-7665-4
eISBN: 978-1-4766-3880-5
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments v

Foreword: The Truth of Horror: A Brief History of the Genre’s Nonfiction Works … and Why We Need Them (Lisa Morton) 1

Introduction (Michele Brittany and Nicholas Diak) 9

Section One: Horror Writers Who Forged New Ground

“The mist of death is on me”: Ann Radcliffe’s Unexplained Supernatural in Gaston de Blondeville (Elizabeth Bobbitt) 15

Jekyll and Hyde Everywhere: Inconsistency and Disparity in the Real World (Erica McCrystal) 29

ScatterGories: Class Upheaval, Social Chaos and the Horrors of Category Crisis in World War Z (J. Rocky Colavito) 41

Section Two: Spotlighting

Horror Writers Marjorie Bowen and the Third Fury (John C. Tibbetts) 57

“When the cage came up there was something crouched ­a-top of it”: The Haunted Tales of L.T.C. Rolt (Danny Rhodes) 70

Richard Laymon’s Rhetorical Style: Minimalism, Suspense and Negative Space (Gavin F. Hurley) 86

Four Quadrants of Success: The Metalinguistics of Author Protagonists in the Fiction of Stephen King (James Arthur Anderson) 101

Section Three: Exploring Literary Theory in Horror

“The symptoms of possession”: Gender, Power and Trauma in Late 20th Century Horror Novels (Bridget E. Keown) 115

“Not a Bedtime Story”: Investigating Textual Interactions Between the Horror Genre and Children’s Picture Books (Emily Anctil) 128

Synchronic Horror and the Dreaming: A Theory of Aboriginal Australian Horror and Monstrosity (Naomi Simone Borwein) 141

“Gelatinous green immensity”: Weird Fiction and the Grotesque Sublime (Johnny Murray) 164

Section Four: Disease, Viruses and Death in Horror

Night of the Living Dead, or Endgame: Jan Kott, Samuel Beckett and Zombies (Kevin J. Wetmore, Jr.) 179

Koji Suzuki’s Ring: A World Literary Perspective (Frazer Lee) 188

Mapping Digital ­Dis-Ease: Representations of Movement and Technology in Jim Sonzero’s Pulse and Stephen King’s Cell (Rahel Sixta Schmitz) 201

Afterword: Guardians of the Damned: Horror Scholarship and the Library (Becky Spratford) 215

About the Contributors 219

Index 223

Book Reviews & Awards

• “Rocha describes the Weatherwomen’s feminist ideology as intersectional; that is, it embraces diverse perspectives, not just those of the white, middle-class members of the revolutionary movement. Rocha’s fresh look opens with an essay in which the Weatherwomen are viewed through the lens of feminist history and an overview of the chapters that follow, which delve deeply into such topics as sexism, female leadership, and authenticity. … a good choice for women’s, political, and American history collections”—Booklist

• “The Weatherwomen: Militant Feminists of the Weather Underground is more than just a discussion of theory and the Weather Underground Organization. Well-researched and persuasive, it is also a history of the period that describes the role of other militant groups of the period”—Counter Punch

• “The Weatherwomen uncovers the voices of Weatherwomen in the Weather Underground Organization and makes a compelling defense for the organization as a source of female empowerment. Creating their own brand of feminism—militant feminism—the WUO practiced elements of second wave feminism and even third wave feminism, decades before intersectionality defined feminist beliefs.—Ashley Baggett, North Dakota State University