The Violent Pilgrimage

Christians, Muslims and Holy Conflicts, 850–1150


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About the Book

The notion of Christianity as a religion of peace was severely tested during the Middle Ages, when killing in the name of God became a sanctified act. In this book, Tim Rayborn traces the development of the early Crusades, Christian views of war and violence, and its attitudes toward Islam, primarily during the turbulent period of the 11th and 12th centuries (with some attention to earlier centuries). A marked shift in Christian perceptions of its own identity coincided with a considerably more martial and aggressive approach to nonbelievers both inside and outside of Europe.
This wide-ranging study includes such topics as the background to the First Crusade, the Knights Templar, Bernard of Clairvaux, the Cistercian Order, the works of Peter the Venerable, apocalyptic hopes and fears, and martyrdom in the context of Christian conflicts with Islam. Focusing on French monastic writings, the book also examines papal documents, Spanish polemics, crusade chronicles, and other works. This is a survey of research on these important subjects, and serves as both a reference work and a point of departure for further study.

About the Author(s)

Tim Rayborn is a historian, medievalist, and musician, with a Ph.D. from the University of Leeds in England. He is a writer on a variety of topics in history and the arts, and lives in Berkeley, California.

Bibliographic Details

Tim Rayborn
Format: softcover (6 x 9)
Pages: 232
Bibliographic Info: notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2013
pISBN: 978-0-7864-6845-4
eISBN: 978-1-4766-0297-4
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Abbreviations  vi

Preface  1

Introduction  3

1. Christians, Muslims and Conflicts Up to the First Crusade  15

2. The Founding of the Order of the Knights Templar  43

3. Bernard of Clairvaux’s In Praise of the New Knighthood  58

4. The Cistercian Order in the Twelfth Century: Austerity,

Crusading and Slavery  76

5. Peter the Venerable and Christian Writings in Islamic Spain  97

6. The End of the World: Apocalypticism and Antichrists  112

7. Dying for the Faith: Martyrdom in Medieval

Christian Thought  129

Conclusion  151

Chapter Notes  159

Bibliography  203

Index  219

Book Reviews & Awards

“intriguing”—Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations.