The Elements of Peace

How Nonviolence Works

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About the Book

This guide to nonviolent conflict resolution presents thirty methods of maintaining or achieving peace, each with an in-depth case study. Methods covered, and their real-world applications, include the art of diplomacy (the 1995 Dayton Peace Accords), fair trade (the 1997 fair trade certification agreement), civil disobedience (the civil rights movement in the United States), humanitarianism (the rescue of the Hungarian Jews during the Holocaust), the rule of law (the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia), and peace education (the Nobel Peace Prize), among many others. It concludes with a summary of the methods and the virtues of peace.
Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

About the Author(s)

J. Frederick Arment is director of International Cities of Peace and a founder of the Dayton International Peace Museum.

Bibliographic Details

J. Frederick Arment
Format: softcover (6 x 9)
Pages: 271
Bibliographic Info: 33 photos, appendix, notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2012
pISBN: 978-0-7864-6854-6
eISBN: 978-0-7864-9149-0
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments      ix

Preface      1

Introduction: Real-World Methods of Nonviolence      5

1. The Art of Diplomacy: Dayton Peace Accords (1995)      15


2. The Vision of Statecraft: The “Handover” of Hong Kong (1984)      21

3. The Process of Reconciliation: Truth and Reconciliation Commission (1996)      28

4. Mediation Techniques: The Good Friday Agreement (1999)      34

5. Arbitration Techniques: The WTO TRIPPS Agreement (1995)      40

6. Peacekeeping: East Timor Independence (1999)      46

7. Economic Aid: Economic Aid to Africa (2008)      53

8. Fair Trade: Fair Trade Certification Mark (1997)      59

9. Boycott: The “No-Grapes” Boycott (1965–1975)      65

10. United Action: Poland’s “Solidarnosc” Movement (1980)      71

11. Civil Disobedience: The Civil Rights Movement (1955)      76

12. Conscientious Objection: Desmond Doss (1945)      82

13. Spiritual Practices: Penn’s Treaty with the Delaware (1693)      87

14. Pacifism: The Russell-Einstein Manifesto (1955)      92

15. Cultural Exchange: “Ping Pong Diplomacy” (1972)      99

16. Citizen Diplomacy: Monitoring of Palestinian Elections (2006)      105

17. Environmental Activism: The Green Belt Movement (1977)      111

18. Artistic Expression: Imagine Peace Tower (2007)      117

19. Nonviolent Resistance: Burma’s Buddhist Monk Vigils (2007)      123

20. Arms Reduction: Strategic Offensive Reduction Treaty (2003)      131

21. Humanitarianism: Rescue of the Hungarian Jews (1944–1945)      138

22. Distributive Justice: Jubilee 2000 Drop the Debt Campaign (2000)      144

23. Witnessing Violence: Human Shield Action in Iraq (2003)      149

24. Rule of Law: International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (2003)      154

25. Alternative Resources Acquisition: Non-Conflict Diamond Certification (2003)      159

26. The Golden Rule: Mayor “Golden Rule” Jones (1897)      164

27. Peace Education: Nobel Peace Prize (1901–present)      169

28. Global Wellness: Doctors Without Borders (1971)      173

29. Two-Party Conflict Resolution: Schoolyard Swing Dispute (every day)      179

30. Personal Transformation: Sadako Sasaki’s Peace Cranes (1955)      185

31. Summary of Methods      190

Conclusion: The Virtuoso of Peace      197

Appendix: The Methods and Virtues of Peace      235

Notes      239

Bibliography      251

Index      259

Book Reviews & Awards

“presents a survey of methods of attaining or advocating peace through nonviolent means”—Reference & Research Book News.