The American Newsreel

A Complete History, 1911–1967, 2d ed.


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About the Book

For fifty years, the newsreel was a fixture in American movie theaters. Released twice a week, less than ten minutes long, each had news footage that combined journalism with entertainment. With the advent of television news programs after World War II, newsreels began to be obsolete, but they remain the first instances of moving image photographic journalism and were for decades a unique source of information—and misinformation. This history details the full span of the American newsreel from 1911 to 1967, discussing the European forerunners, changes in the American version over time, and the ethical and unethical use of newsreels in present-day television documentaries. Photographs, bibliography and index.

About the Author(s)

Raymond Fielding is dean emeritus of the School of Motion Picture, Television and Recording Arts at Florida State University in Tallahassee. He lives in Tallahassee.

Bibliographic Details

Raymond Fielding
Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 250
Bibliographic Info: 93 photos, notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2011 [2006]
pISBN: 978-0-7864-6610-8
eISBN: 978-1-4766-0794-8
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition      1

1. The First “Actualities” and News Films, 1889–1900      3

2. The First War Films      19

3. Faking the Early News Films      25

4. The American Silent News Film      33

5. Introduction of the Silent Newsreel      43

6. Prewar Competition      53

7. The Newsreel at War, 1911–1918      63

8. The Postwar Silent Newsreel      77

9. Growth and Expansion      89

10. Introduction of the Sound Newsreel      101

11. Style, Structure and Operation of the Major Newsreels      113

12. Newsreel Content in the 1930s      129

13. Film Industry Attitudes Toward Newsreel Production and Release      147

14. Criticism of the Sound Newsreel, 1929–1960      153

15. The Widening Credibility Gap      163

16. The Decline of the Newsreel      171

17. The End of the Newsreel      183

18. The Summing Up      195

19. The Newsreel as Historical Resource      199

Notes      207

Bibliography      225

Index      237

Book Reviews & Awards

“Fielding wrote [a book] which laid out the rise and fall of a now-forgotten form that delivered news to the masses in moving pictures and sound in movie theaters through the first half of the 20th century. It was a potent blend of journalism and entertainment long before Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert. By the mid–1920s, nearly 90 percent of the 18,000 theaters in the United States exhibited at least one of the six newsreels then available, Fielding wrote. ‘Mussolini said “Let me run the newsreels and I can rule the world,”’ said Fielding, who taught Frances Ford Coppola among others at UCLA and later was founding dean of the film school at Florida State University.”—The Baltimore Sun; “very scholarly, worthwhile history…93 photos”—Classic Images.