The Albanians

An Ethnic History from Prehistoric Times to the Present

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About the Book

Historically described as mysterious and xenophobic, Albania and its people are little known to most westerners. But they are near the center of age-old explosive Balkan conflicts.
With the employment of Albanian, French, Italian and many other documentary sources, the roots of Albanian civilization, the struggle of the Albanians to maintain their cultural and linguistic integrity, the impact of foreign influence on the country, and its recent move toward democracy are all detailed here.

About the Author(s)

The late Edwin E. Jacques was a teacher in Korcha from 1932 to 1940 and visited Albania on several occasions.

Bibliographic Details

Edwin E. Jacques
Format: softcover (6 x 9 in 2 vols.)
Pages: 748
Bibliographic Info: maps, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2009 [1995]
pISBN: 978-0-7864-4238-6
eISBN: 978-0-7864-9347-0
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Volume 1

Preface      ix

Introduction: Who Are the Albanians?      xi

Part One: Primeval Albania Colonized by the Greeks and Its Civilization (to 168 B.C.)

1. Archeological Reconstruction of Prehistoric Life in Albania      2

2. Linguistic Ancestry of the Albanian Language and People      29

3. Traditions About Albania in Our Earliest Chronicles      46

4. The Early Historical Kingdoms in Albania (1280–323 B.C.)      78

5. Dissolution of the Albanian Kingdoms and Their Subjugation by Rome (323–168 B.C.)      110

Part Two: Developing Albania Subjugated by the Romans and Its Christianization (168 B.C.–A.D. 1503)

6. The Roman Period (168 B.C.–A.D. 395)      126

7. The Byzantine Period (395–489)      146

8. Occupation of Albania by the Goths (489–535)      149

9. Byzantine Rule Once Again (535–861)      151

10. The Bulgarian Period (861–1014)      156

11. Byzantine Rule Yet Again (1014–1204)      159

12. Norman Rule in Albania (1081–1204)      160

13. Quarreling Feudal Families Vulnerable to the Ottoman Turks      164

14. The Ottoman Turkish Threat      170

15. Gradual Capitulation of Feudal Families to the Ottoman Turks      173

16. Temporary Successes of Skanderberg (1443–1468)      178

17. Final Capitulation of Albania to the Turks (1503)      190

18. Albania’s Peculiar Handicaps in Facing Turkish Occupation      193

Part Three: Christian Albania Occupied by the Turks and Its Islamization (1503–1912)

19. The Turkish Government of Occupied Albania      200

20. Reasons for the Adoption of Islam by Albanian Christians      213

21. Revolutionary and Diplomatic Efforts for Albanian Independence      241

22. Albania’s Nonviolent Revolution: Its Cultural Renaissance      275

23. Declaration of Albanian Independence at Vlora (28 November 1912)      320

24. Grounds for Confidence in Albania’s Eventual Nationhood      325

Volume 2

Part Four: Muslim Albania Governed by Feudalists and Its Nationalization (1912–1939)

25. The Fourteen Successive Ineffective Governments (1912–1925)      334

26. The Fourteen-Year National Government of Ahmet Zogu (1925–1939)      382

Part Five: Nationalist Albania Seized by the Marxists and Its Communization (1939–1985)

27. The Fascist Occupation and the Rise of Marxism (1939–1944)      410

28. The Stalinist Government of Enver Hoxha (1944–1985)      425

Part Six: Communist Albania Attracted by the West and Its Democratization (1985–)

29. The Reform Government of Ramiz Alia (1985–1992)      584

30. The Democratic Government of Sali Berisha (1992– )      698

Indexed Maps of Albania      703

Bibliography      711

Index      721

Book Reviews & Awards

“detailed…its strength lies in an English summary and presentation of obscure documentary material from the original Albanian…a boon for contemporary scholars…an excellent overview of the region”—Choice.