“Strong and Brave Fellows”

New Hampshire’s Black Soldiers and Sailors of the American Revolution, 1775–1784

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About the Book

New Hampshire, despite its small size, played a significant role in the American Revolution. The deeds of the state’s soldiers and other notable citizenry have been well documented but the contributions of the black population have never been fully explored until now.
The largest part of this book consists of the service records of all known black soldiers with ties to New Hampshire: 139 who served in New Hampshire’s forces, 34 who served in New Hampshire and another colony’s forces, and 51 who served in another colony’s forces but lived in New Hampshire at some point in their lives. The work also provides information on life for blacks in New Hampshire before, during and after the American Revolution, and information on campaigns and engagements that blacks from New Hampshire were known to have taken part in.

About the Author(s)

Author and lecturer Glenn A. Knoblock is the author of many works of history. The top military contributor to the Harvard/Oxford University Press eight volume African-American National Biography (2008), he also writes on local history. He lives in Wolfeboro Falls, New Hampshire.

Bibliographic Details

Glenn A. Knoblock
Format: softcover (6 x 9)
Pages: 361
Bibliographic Info: 55 photos, appendices, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2003
pISBN: 978-0-7864-1548-9
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments     vii

Preface     1

Source Abbreviations     3

Introduction     5

BLACK LIFE IN NEW HAMPSHIRE BEFORE, DURING AND AFTER THE REVOLUTION

Pre-war Slavery in New Hampshire     7

Black Soldiers and the Continental Congress     11

Black Enlistment in New Hampshire     13

Service as Free Men     15

Service for Freedom     17

Service with No Freedom     18

Status as Soldiers     19

Service as Sailors     23

The Black Veteran and Pensioner     25

Blacks as Pioneer Settlers     29

Religion and the Black Veteran     30

Death and the Black Veteran     31

Descendants of Black Veterans     33

The Black Soldier as a Patriotic Symbol     35

CAMPAIGNS AND ENGAGEMENTS

Introduction     41

The Battle of Lexington and Concord (April 19, 1775)     41

The Battle of Bunker Hill (June 17, 1775)     42

The Invasion of Canada (September 1775 to June 1776)     43

New York City Campaign (September 15 to October 28, 1776)     44

The Frigate Raleigh (May 1776 to September 1778)     45

The Battle of Trenton (December 26, 1776)     45

Fort Ticonderoga and the Battle of Hubbardton (July 1777)     47

The Battle of Bennington (August 16, 1777)     48

Victory at Saratoga (September 19 to October 17, 1777)     49

Winter at Valley Forge (December 1777 to June 1778)     51

The Sloop of War Ranger (May 1777 to May 1780)     53

The Battle of Monmouth (June 1778)     53

Continental Service (July 1778 to May 17790     55

The Battle of Rhode Island (August 29, 1778)     56

Sullivan’s Campaign Against the Six Nations (June to October 1779)     57

Militia Service (1779)     58

Continental and Militia Service (1780)     59

New York City and the Siege of Yorktown (1781)     60

Additional Continental and Militia Service (1781)     62

Final Continental Service (1782 to 1784)     64

THE MEN

Introduction     67

New Hampshire Soldiers     74

Soldiers with Service to New Hampshire and Other Colonies     193

Soldiers from New Hampshire Who Served for Other Colonies     243

APPENDICES

1: Black Soldiers Who Died During the War     311

2: Breakdown by Regiment of Black Soldiers Who Served for New Hampshire    312

3: Black Soldiers Before the Revolution     313

4: Black Place Names and Locales in New Hampshire<     315

Bibliography     317

Index     327

Book Reviews & Awards

“worthwhile”—ARBA; “substantial…useful appendices…recommended”—The New Hampshire Genealogical Record; “compelling…powerful, uplifting, and shameful story, a profound tale”—Historical New Hampshire.