Slavery in the Upper Mississippi Valley, 1787–1865
A History of Human Bondage in Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota and Wisconsin
About the Book
Although the passing of the Northwest Ordinance in 1787 banned African American slavery in the Upper Mississippi River Valley, making the new territory officially “free,” slavery in fact persisted in the region through the end of the Civil War.
Slaves accompanied presidential appointees serving as soldiers or federal officials in the Upper Mississippi, worked in federally supported mines, and openly accompanied southern travelers. Entrepreneurs from the East Coast started pro-slavery riverfront communities in Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota to woo vacationing slaveholders.
Midwestern slaves joined their southern counterparts in suffering family separations, beatings, auctions, and other indignities that accompanied status as chattel. This revealing work explores all facets of the “peculiar institution” in this peculiar location and its impact on the social and political development of the United States.
About the Author(s)
Christopher P. Lehman
Format: softcover (6 x 9)
Bibliographic Info: 11 photos, notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2011
Table of Contents
Slavery in the Northwest Territory 5
The Politics of Indentured Servitude: Slavery in Illinois 27
Miners and Soldiers: Slavery in Wisconsin 59
Migrating Southerners: Slavery in Iowa 85
Hoteliers and Local Slaveholders: Slavery in Minnesota 114
Dred Scott and the Boom in Upper Mississippi Slavery 142
Upper Mississippi Slavery in the Civil War Years 170
Chapter Notes 203
Book Reviews & Awards
“comprehensive…intriguing…refreshing…recommended”—Choice; “an excellent and quite original book.”—Eric Foner, Pulitzer Prize-winning historian