Science and Technology in World History, Volume 1

The Ancient World and Classical Civilization

$39.95

In stock

Add to Wishlist
Add to Wishlist
SKU: 9780786439324 Categories: , ,

About the Book

Science is a living, organic activity, the meaning and understanding of which have evolved incrementally over human history. This book, the first in a roughly chronological series, explores the development of the methodology and major ideas of science, in historical context, from ancient times to the decline of classical civilizations around 300 A.D. It includes details specific to the histories of specialized sciences including astronomy, medicine and physics—along with Roman engineering and Greek philosophy. It closely describes the contributions of such individuals as Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Alexander the Great, Euclid, Archimedes, Ptolemy, Seneca, Pliny the Elder, and Galen.

About the Author(s)

David Deming is a professor of Arts & Sciences at the University of Oklahoma. A geophysicist, research scientist and historian, he has written on topics ranging from the history of science to climate change and energy resources.

Bibliographic Details

David Deming
Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 275
Bibliographic Info: notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2010
pISBN: 978-0-7864-3932-4
eISBN: 978-0-7864-5657-4
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Preface      1

Introduction      7

Science, Religion and Epistemology      7

Before the Greeks      9

1. The Greeks (c. 600–300 B.C.)      15

Intellectual Freedom, Naturalism, and Demonstration      16

The Ionians (c. 600–400 B.C.)      18

Pythagoras (c. 569–475 B.C.)      29

Parmenides (c. 520–450 B.C.) and the Eleatics      35

Empedocles (c. 492–432 B.C.)      37

Hippocrates of Cos (c. 460–370 B.C.)      40

The Greco–Persian Wars (c. 499–448 B.C.)      48

Socrates (470–399 B.C.)      62

Plato (428 –348 B.C.)      71

Philip (382–336 B.C.) and Alexander (356 –323 B.C.)      86

Aristotle (384 –322 B.C.)      101

2. Hellenistic Science (c. 300 B.C.–A.D. 200)      122

The Ptolemaic Kings      122

Euclid (c. 325 –265 B.C.)      127

Strato of Lampsacus (c. 340–270 B.C.)      128

Aristarchus of Samos (310–230 B.C.)      131

Eratosthenes (276–195 B.C.)      133

Archimedes (287–212 B.C.) and the Punic Wars (264–146 B.C.)      136

Hipparchus (c. 190–120 B.C.)      158

Claudius Ptolemy (c. A.D. 100–170)      160

3. Roman Engineering      170

Lack of Originality in Science and Philosophy      170

Concrete and the Arch      171

Roads      172

Aqueducts      174

Baths      174

Sewers      175

Bridges      175

4. The Roman Writers      178

Vitruvius Pollio: On Architecture (c. 30 B.C.)      178

Lucius Annaeus Seneca (c. 4 B.C.–A.D. 65) and Nero (A.D. 37–68)      181

Pliny the Elder (A.D. 23–79)      191

Galen (c. A.D. 129 –200)      195

5. Hellenistic Philosophy in Rome      204

Epicureanism (c. 300 B.C.–A.D. 300)      204

Stoicism (c. 300 B.C.–A.D. 200)      209

Neoplatonism (c. A.D. 250–550)      215

Conclusion      219

Chapter Notes      221

Bibliography      255

Index      263

Book Reviews & Awards

“interesting…recommended”—Choice.