News with a View

Essays on the Eclipse of Objectivity in Modern Journalism

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SKU: 9780786465897 Categories: , , ,

About the Book

Modern mainstream journalism faces a very real disturbance of its foundational premise that credible news is gathered and articulated from an objective stance. This volume offers new examinations of how the traditional notion of objectivity is changing as professional journalists grapple with a rapidly evolving news terrain—one that has become increasingly crowded by those with no journalistic credentials. Examining historical antecedents, current dilemmas, international aspects, and theoretical considerations, contributors make the case that the journalist’s impulse to hold onto objectivity, and to ignore the increasing subjectivities to which citizens are attuned, actually contributes to the news media’s disconnect from today’s news consumer. Revealing how traditional journalism needs to incorporate “post-objective” stances, these essays stimulate further thought and conversation about news with a view in both theory and practice.

About the Author(s)

Burton St. John III, an associate professor of communication at Old Dominion University in Virginia, has authored and edited books on journalism, public relations, and propaganda. He has also published in the Journal of Communication Management, Journal of Mass Media Ethics, Journalism Studies, Public Relations Review, and Journalism Practice.
Kirsten A. Johnson, an associate professor and chair of the department of communications at Elizabethtown College in Pennsylvania, teaches broadcast news writing and television production. She has published in Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly and Learning, Media, and Technology.

Bibliographic Details

Edited by Burton St. John III and Kirsten A. Johnson
Format: softcover (6 x 9)
Pages: 274
Bibliographic Info: 4 illustrations, notes, bibliographies, index
Copyright Date: 2012
pISBN: 978-0-7864-6589-7
eISBN: 978-0-7864-9111-7
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Introduction: Challenges for Journalism in a Post-Objective Age      1

BURTON ST. JOHN III and KIRSTEN A. JOHNSON      1

Part I. Historical Perspectives      9

1. “Gagged, Mincing Neutrality”: Horace Greeley on Advocacy Journalism in the Early Years of the Penny Press

DAXTON R. “CHIP” STEWART      11

2. The Pride and Reward of Falisfication: Post-Objectivity as Post-Responsibility

AARON BARLOW      26

3. A New Model of Objectivity: Investigative Reporting in the Twentieth Century

GERRY LANOSGA      42

Part II. Contemporary Examinations      59

4. Conversational Journalism and Journalist-Audience Relations: New Rules, New Voices

DOREEN MARCHIONNI      61

5. The Sociality of News Sociology: Examining User Participation and News Selection Practices in Social Media News Sites

SHARON MERAZ      78

6. Why Contribute? Motivations and Role Conceptions among Citizen Journalists

DEBORAH S. CHUNG and SEUNGAHN NAH      97

7. Morality, the News Media, and the Public: An Examination of Comment Forums on U.S. Daily Newspaper Websites

SERENA CARPENTER and ROBIN BLOM      116

Part III. Global Considerations      133

8. Post-Objectivity and Regional Russian Journalism

WILSON LOWREY and ELINA ERZIKOVA      135

9. Journalism from the Perspective of “We”: How Group

Membership Shapes the Role of the Community Journalist

JOHN A. HATCHER      153

10. Engagement as an Emerging Norm in International News Agency Work

JOHN JIRIK      170

Part IV. Objectivity and Theory      187

11. Why Objectivity Is Impossible in Networked Journalism and What This Means for the Future of News

DAVID MICHAEL RYFE      189

12. Disrespecting the Doxa: The Daily Show Critique of CNN’s Struggle to Balance Detachment and Connectedness

BURTON ST. JOHN III      205

13. Gatekeeping in the Digital Age: A New Model for a Post-Objective World

KIRSTEN A. JOHNSON      222

14. Contemporary News Production and Consumption: Implications for Selective Exposure, Group Polarization, and Credibility

ETHAN HARTSELL, MIRIAM J. METZGER and ANDREW J. FLANAGIN      238

About the Contributors      259

Index      263

Book Reviews & Awards

“Recommended”—Choice; “essays examine how the traditional idea of objectivity is changing in journalism as professional journalists deal with the changing news environment”—Reference & Research Book News.