Museums, Libraries and Urban Vitality

A Handbook


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About the Book

This volume documents the growing trend for cities and towns throughout America to use museums and libraries as vehicles for economic development. Museums of all types and sizes, and libraries from main street behemoths to neighborhood branches, are being used to stimulate inner-city revitalization as well as neighborhood renewal programs. These public amenities draw citizens, tourists and new development to a city’s venues, providing a public place for people to focus and gather. In short, the small public investment paid for these cultural centers is much less than the dollars returned to taxpayers from tourism and economic development.
This collection of essays presents case studies from Austin, Baltimore, Boston, Brooklyn, Charleston, Christchurch, Cincinnati, Denver, Des Moines, Hartford, Germantown, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Lanark, Little Rock, Memphis, Minneapolis, Miramar, Pekin, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Portland, Prince Rupert, St. Louis, St. Paul, San Jose, Seattle, Tacoma, Tallahassee, Toronto, Valencia, and Wakefield. The case study topics include the role of museums and libraries in promoting urban renewal and downtown redevelopment, revitalizing urban centers, enhancing “smart communities,” influencing eco-friendly municipal construction trends, and stimulating private development. The work includes several regional and national resource directories, a glossary, and an index to facilitate reference to particular communities and projects throughout the country.

About the Author(s)

Roger L. Kemp, Ph.D., has been a city manager on both the East and West coasts for more than 25 years and holds International City/County Management Association credentials. He has taught at the University of California, Rutgers University, the University of New Haven, and the University of Connecticut. He is a distinguished adjunct professor in the Executive MPA Program at Golden Gate University.
Marcia Trotta is the director of Library Services for the Berlin Free Public Library in Berlin, Connecticut. She is a past president of the Connecticut Library Association, and has been twice honored as their Outstanding Librarian of the Year.

Bibliographic Details

Edited by Roger L. Kemp and Marcia Trotta
Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 310
Bibliographic Info: appendices, notes, index
Copyright Date: 2008
pISBN: 978-0-7864-3468-8
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments      vi

Preface      1

Introduction: Marcia Trotta and Roger L. Kemp      3

Part I. Cities and Culture

1. New City Centers and Culture

Christopher Duerksen and Gregory Dale      7

2. Planning for Cultural Attractions

Nancy Moses      12

3. The Role of Museums

Kathleen Sylvester      17

4. The Role of Libraries

Urban Libraries Council      22

5. Rural Areas and Community Development

Bernard Vavrek      25

Part II: The Best Practices

6. Baltimore Uses Museums to Create Public Space

Guillermo Lopez      31

7. Boston Uses Museums to Revitalize Inner-City Area

Robert A. Brown      36

8. Brooklyn Links Museums and Libraries to Improve Public Services

Cheryl Bartholow      40

9. Charleston Library Anchors Downtown Redevelopment Project

William Fulton and Chris Jackson      45

10. Christchurch Museums and Libraries Create Economic Development Model

Jonathan Walters      49

11. Cincinnati Uses Culture to Revitalize Its Urban Core

Raymond L. Buse III      54

12. Denver Uses Culture to Stimulate Private Development

Cynthia L. Kemper      58

13. Des Moines, Other Cities, Use Libraries to Promote Their Urban Centers

Urban Libraries Council      62

14. Hartford and Other Cities Promote Computer Literacy

Urban Libraries Council      67

15. Germantown Public Officials Save Their Library

Patrick Lawton      73

16. Indianapolis Uses Libraries to Revitalize Neighborhoods

Anne Jordan      77

17. Kansas City Uses Culture to Transform Its Downtown

Howard Kozloff      82

18. Lanark and Other Cities Use Rural Libraries to Promote Community Development

Norman Waizer and John J. Gruidl      86

19. Little Rock Focuses on Cultural Assets to Restore Its Riverfront Area

Robert J. Gorman and Nancy Egan      92

20. Memphis and Other Cities Use Libraries to Promote Literacy

Urban Libraries Council      96

21. Minneapolis Uses Arts and Culture as Economic Development Incentives

Wendy Wheeler      103

22. Miramar and Other Cities Use Libraries and Cultural Amenities to Create

Town Center

Mike Sheridan      106

23. Pekin and Other Cities Use Libraries to Enhance Economic Development

Norman Walzer and Karen Scott      110

24. Philadelphia and Other Cities Use Museums as Vehicles to Promote Urban


Susan Breitkopf      125

25. Phoenix Uses Museums as Focus for Renewal in Its Downtown

William Fulton      130

26. Portland and Other Cities Use Libraries to Promote Their Downtowns

Anne Jordan      136

27. Prince Rupert and Other Cities Use Libraries to Promote “Smart Communities”


Trina A. Innes      142

28. St. Louis Places Monetary Value on Public Library Services

Glen E. Holt, Donald Elliott, and Amonia Moore      148

29. St. Paul Uses Branch Library to Anchor Mixed-Use Development

Ellen Perlman      160

30. San Jose Builds “Green” Library

J. Lindsey Wolf, Lorraine Oback, and Jane Christophersen      164

31. San Jose Creates Joint City and University Library

Lorraine Oback      167

32. Seattle Builds Public Library to Attract Private Investment to Its Downtown

Urban Libraries Council      169

33. Tacoma Uses Museums to Promote Its Culture

Juli Wilkerson      173

34. Tallahassee and Other Cities Place a Value on Cultural Amenities

Glenda E. Hood      175

35. Toronto Embraces Museums for Its Cultural Renaissance

Albert Warson      179

36. Valencia Focuses on Museums and Libraries to Create a “Sense of Place”

Thomas L. Lee      182

37. Wakefield and Other Cities Use Libraries to Stimulate Neighborhood Renewal

Richard Bertman and Alfred Wojciechowski      189

Part III: The Future

38. Urban Design, Culture, and the Public Realm

Charles Lockwood      193

39. Urban Planning and the Future

Philip N. Loheed and Brandy H.M. Brooks      197

40. Urban Creativity, Culture, and the Future

John M. Eger      201

41. Placing an Economic Value on Our Cultural Heritage

Susan Mourato and Massimiliano Mazzanti      206

42. The Economic Impact of Cultural Attractions

Billy Kinsey, Jr.      230

43. Cities, Culture, and the Future

Marcia Trotta and Roger L. Kemp      235


I. Library Acronyms      241

II. Museum Acronyms      244

III. Regional Resource Directory      246

IV. National Resource Directory      247

V. Cultural Websites      248

VI. Facts About Libraries and Museums      249

VII. Cultural Policy Milestones of the U.S. Federal Government      250

VIII. State Library Agencies Directory      257

IX. State Municipal League Directory      263

XI. Regional Museum Associations Directory      267

XII. National Museum Directory      268

XIII. National Art Museum Directory      281

About the Editors and Contributors      291

Index      295

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