Military Loyalists of the American Revolution

Officers and Regiments, 1775–1783

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About the Book

This book focuses not only on those officers residing within the borders of the 13 rebellious American colonies, but also on those of the Canadian command and the officers serving in the Caribbean Basin. Part One lists officers alphabetically, including each officer’s dates of birth and death, his home and station in life at the outbreak of war, and his family relationships, along with his years of service, military rank and other relevant notes on his military career. Part Two includes brief descriptions of Loyalist military organizations, arranged into four geographical groupings indicating command authority.

About the Author(s)

Walter T. Dornfest is a retired librarian and professor emeritus from the City University of New York’s College of Staten Island. He lives in Fayetteville, Pennsylvania.

Bibliographic Details

Walter T. Dornfest
Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 524
Bibliographic Info: glossary, appendix, notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2011
pISBN: 978-0-7864-4815-9
eISBN: 978-0-7864-6181-3
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Preface      1

Introduction      3

Notes and Abbreviations      9

The Officers      13

Military Organizations

North American Command

ROYAL PROVINCIAL UNITS

American Legion      369

American Volunteers      369

Armed Boat Company      370

Black Pioneers      370

Brig.-Gen. Cortlandt Skinner’s Queen’s American Volunteers      370

British Legion      370

Bucks County Light Dragoons      371

Caledonian Volunteers      372

Collett’s Independent Company      372

Corps of Foot in Newfoundland      372

Corps of Incorporated Cavalry at Charlestown, SC      372

Delancey’s Brigade, 1st Battalion      373

Delancey’s Brigade, 1st Battalion (New)      373

Delancey’s Brigade, 2nd Battalion      373

Delancey’s Brigade, 2nd Battalion (New)      374

Delancey’s Brigade, 3rd Battalion      374

Diemar’s Hussars      375

Dutchess County (NY), 1st Company      375

Emmerick’s Chasseurs and Dragoons      375

Emmerick’s Company of Chasseurs      375

Forshner’s Independent Company      376

Garrison Battalion      376

General Skinner’s Dragoons      377

Georgia Light Dragoons      377

Georgia Loyalists      378

Governor Wentworth’s Volunteers      378

Guides and Pioneers      378

Hierlihy’s Independent Companies      379

Hutchins’ Independent Provincial Company (WF)      380

King’s American Dragoons      380

King’s American Regiment      380

King’s Orange Rangers      381

King’s Rangers (Carolina)      381

King’s Rangers (Rogers), 1st Battalion      381

King’s Rangers (Rogers), 2nd Battalion      382

Kinloch’s Independent Troop of Light Dragoons      382

Kollock’s Independent Company      382

Locke’s Independent Company      383

Loyal American Regiment      383

Loyal Foresters      383

Loyal New Englanders      383

Loyal Nova Scotia Volunteers      384

Loyal Rhode Islanders      384

Lyman’s Independent Provincial Company (WF)      384

Maryland Loyalists, 1st Battalion      384

Miller’s Independent Provincial Company (WF)      385

Nassau Blues (NY)      385

New Hampshire Volunteers      385

New Jersey Volunteers, 1st Battalion      386

New Jersey Volunteers, 2nd Battalion (old)      386

New Jersey Volunteers, 2nd Battalion (new)      387

New Jersey Volunteers, 3rd Battalion (old)      387

New Jersey Volunteers, 3rd Battalion (new)      388

New Jersey Volunteers, 4th Battalion      388

New Jersey Volunteers, 5th Battalion      389

New Jersey Volunteers, 6th Battalion      389

New York Provincial Companies      389

New York Volunteers      389

North Carolina Highlanders      390

North Carolina Independent Company      390

North Carolina Independent Dragoons      390

Pennsylvania Loyalists, 1st Battalion      391

Philadelphia Light Dragoons, 1st Troop      391

Philadelphia Light Dragoons, 2nd Troop      392

Prince of Wales’ American Regiment      392

Provincial Light Infantry      392

Queen’s American Rangers (also Queen’s Rangers)      393

Queen’s Royal Rangers      394

Roman Catholic Volunteers      394

Royal American Reformees      394

Royal Fencible Americans      394

Royal Highland Emigrants, 2nd Battalion      395

Royal North Carolina Regiment      396

Simpson’s Independent North Carolina Company      396

Smyth’s Independent Company      397

South Carolina Light Dragoons (Campbell)      397

South Carolina Light Dragoons (Fenwick)      397

South Carolina Light Dragoons (L. McLean)      397

South Carolina Rangers      397

South Carolina Royalists, 1st Battalion      398

South Carolina Royalists, 2nd Battalion      398

Stanton’s Volunteers (NY?)      399

Starcloff ’s Hessian Troop of Light Dragoons      399

Staten Island Troop of Horse      399

Volunteers of Ireland      399

Volunteers of New England      400

Volunteers of the Island of St John      400

West Florida Dragoons      401

West Florida Royal Foresters      401

West Jersey Volunteers      491

REGIONAL/LOCAL UNITS

Armed Batteaux Men (NY)      402

Boston Company of Volunteers (MA)      402

Boyd’s Volunteers (NC, SC, GA)      402

Brewerton’s Volunteer Company (LI, NY)      402

Bucks County Volunteers (PA)      402

Campbell’s Black Pioneers Company (Savannah, GA)      403

Chrystie’s West Florida Negro Company      403

Chrystie’s West Florida Volunteers      403

Coleman’s South Carolina Independent Company      403

Commissary of Prisoners Company, Commissary General’s Dept. (VA)      403

Company of Rangers (Penobscot, ME [later MA])      403

Corps for the Defence of Sequestered Estates (SC)      404

Corps of Black Pioneers (Charleston, SC)      404

Cuyler’s Volunteers (NY)      404

Dunlop’s Corps (SC)      404

East Florida Loyal Volunteer Company      404

East Florida Rangers      404

East Florida Troops of Horse      405

Georgia Light Dragoons      405

Georgia Rangers      405

Goldin’s Independent Company (NY)      405

Hanscomb’s Black Pioneers Company (Savannah, GA)      405

Lord Dunmore’s Virginia Volunteers      405

Loyalist Volunteers (Yorktown, VA)      405

McKenzie’s Company of Negroe Volunteers (Savannah, GA)      406

Natchez Defense Force (WF)      406

Natchez Volunteers (WF)      406

Newfoundland and Labrador Fisheries Volunteers      406

Newfoundland Volunteers      406

North Carolina Provincials, McDonald’s Wing      406

North Carolina Provincials, Rutherford’s and MacLean [2]’s Wing      407

North Carolina Volunteers      407

Pensacola Volunteers (WF)      407

Pentecost’s Company of Negroe Volunteers (Savannah, GA)      407

Pringle’s Volunteers (Newfoundland)      407

Queen’s Own Loyal Virginia Regiment      408

Reid’s North Carolina Independent Company      408

Royal Ethiopian Regiment (VA)      408

Royal Foresters (SC)      408

Royal Foresters, Deveaux’s Bahamas Expedition      408

Royal Volunteers of North Carolina      408

Royal Volunteers of South Carolina      409

South Carolina Regiment of Light Dragoons      409

Spragg’s Independent Company (NY)      409

Staten Island Troop of Expresses and Guides      409

Virginia Troop of Light Dragoons      409

Virginia Volunteers Company      409

Volunteers of Augusta (GA)      410

Wagstaff ’s Company of Volunteers (NJ)      410

West Florida Provincials      410

West Florida Royal Volunteers (Pensacola)      410

ROYAL MILITIAS

Bahama Islands Militia      410

Bermuda Militia Regiment      411

East Florida

1st Regiment, East Florida Militia      411

2nd Regiment, East Florida Militia      411

Minorca Volunteer Company      411

Loyal Refugee Company [1st?]      411

Loyal Refugee Company [2nd?]      411

Georgia

1st Regiment of Foot ([Savannah?])      412

2nd Regiment of Foot (Augusta)      412

3rd Regiment of Foot (Sunbury)      412

4th Regiment of Foot (St. George’s)      412

5th Regiment of Foot (Ceded Lands)      412

Company of Light Infantry (Savannah)      412

Douglass’ Regiment      413

Georgia Artillery      413

Georgia Rifle Dragoons      413

Horse Patrol      413

Massachusetts

New Jersey

Monmouth County      413

New York

King’s County Regiment (Brooklyn)      413

King’s County Troop of Dragoons      414

Queen’s County Regiment      414

Queen’s County Troops of Horse (New Town)      414

Richmond County Battalion (Staten Island)      414

Richmond County Troop      414

Suffolk County Regiment      414

Tryon County: Turlock Company      415

Westchester County Chasseurs      415

Westchester County Refugees and Militia      415

New York City

Army Civil Departments Volunteer Militia      415

Enrolled [City] Militia      416

Volunteer [City] Militia      417

Newfoundland

Levingstone’s Volunteers      418

North Carolina

Col. Robert Anderson’s Regiment      418

Col. Samuel Bryan’s Regiment      418

Col. Samuel Campbell’s Regiment      418

Lt. Col. John Moore’s Regiment      419

Anson County Regiment      419

Bladen County Regiment      419

Chatham and Randolph Counties Regiment      419

Cumberland County Regiment      419

Orange County Regiment      419

Nova Scotia

Annapolis County      419

Annapolis Township Volunteer Company      419

Colchester County      420

Cumberland County Regiment      420

Halifax County Regiment      420

Hants County      420

King’s County      420

Lunenburg County Regiment      421

Queen’s County Regiment      421

Sunbury County      421

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Chesney’s Troop of Horse      422

Fanning’s Independent Troop of Volunteer Horse      422

James Island Independent Troop of Light Dragoons      422

Lawrence’s Company, SC Volunteers      422

Sanders’ Independent Company      422

Beaufort District      422

Berkeley and Craven County Regiment      422

Camden District      422

Charleston District      424

Cheraws District Regiment      425

Colleton County Regiment      425

Georgetown District Regiment      426

Ninety- Six District      426

Orangeburgh District Regiment      428

Virginia

Borough of Norfolk      429

West Florida

Associated Company of Loyal Militia of Tensaw      429

Tombeckby Militia      429

ASSOCIATORS

Associated Loyalists (NY)      429

Board of Associated Loyalists (NY)      430

Hatfield’s Volunteer Company of Guides (NY)      430

Hazard’s Corps of Refugees (NY)      430

King’s Militia Volunteers (NY)      430

Leonard’s Newport Fleet (RI)      430

Loyal American Association (Boston, MA)      431

Loyal American Associators (Boston, MA)      431

Loyal Associated Refugees (RI)      431

Loyal Irish Volunteers (Boston, MA)      431

Loyal Newport Associators (RI)      431

Loyal Refugee Volunteers (NY)      431

Maryland Royal Retaliators      432

Massachusetts Associators      432

NYC Associated Loyalist Militia Companies      432

Refugee Marine Battalion      433

Robins’ Company of Refugees (NY)      433

Royal North British Volunteers (Boston, MA)      433

Stewart’s Company of Refugees (NY)      433

INDIAN DEPARTMENTS

Six Nations Indian Department      433

Southern Indian Department      434

Canadian Command

(Province of Quebec)

ROYAL PROVINCIAL UNITS

Boucherville’s Canadian Company      435

Butler’s Rangers      435

Harkimer’s Batteaux Company      435

King’s Northern Rangers      436

King’s Royal Regiment of New York, 1st Battalion      436

King’s Royal Regiment of New York, 2nd Battalion      436

Loyal Rangers      437

Meyers’ Independent Company      437

Monin’s Canadian Company      437

Rouville’s Canadian Company      437

Royal Highland Emigrants, 1st Battalion      438

REGIONAL/LOCAL UNITS

Adams’ Company of Rangers      438

American Volunteers      439

Beaujeu De Villemomble’s French Canadian Loyal Volunteers      439

Corps of Royalists (provisional)      439

Detroit Volunteer Chasseur Company      440

Drummond’s Independent Company      440

Fraser’s Independent Company      441

Hawley’s Batteaux Corps      441

King’s Loyal Americans      441

King’s Royal Cadets      441

Leake’s Independent Company      442

Loyal Volunteers      442

Munro’s Batteau Company      443

Queen’s Loyal Rangers      443

Wilcox’s Company of Pioneers      444

ROYAL MILITIAS

Detroit      444

Detroit Militia Volunteers      444

District of Quebec      444

District of Montreal      445

District of Three Rivers      445

Montreal City Canadian Militia      445

Quebec City Corps of British Militia      446

Quebec City French Canadian Militia      446

Vincennes Militia      446

1st Montreal Levy (French)      446

2nd Montreal Levy (British)      446

INDIAN DEPARTMENT

Province of Quebec Indian Department      447

Jamaican Command

Amherst’s Corps      447

Duke of Cumberland’s Regiment, 1st Battalion      447

Duke of Cumberland’s Regiment, 2nd Battalion      448

Independent Companies ( Jamaica)      448

Jamaica Rangers, 3 Battalions      448

Loyal American Rangers      448

Turks Islands Company      449

LOCAL/REGIONAL UNITS

Bay of Honduras Fusileers      449

Black River Volunteers (Honduras)      449

Jamaica Legion      449

Jamaica Royal Volunteers      450

Loyal Regiment of Dragoons ( Jamaica)      450

Mosquito Shore Company (Honduras)      450

Mosquito Shore Volunteers (Honduras)      450

Rattan Volunteers (Honduras)      450

Royal Batteaux Volunteers ( Jamaica)      450

Young’s Independent Company (Honduras)      451

ROYAL MILITIAS

Island of Rattan Militia (Honduras)      451

Jamaica Militia      451

INDIAN DEPARTMENT

Mosquito Shore Indian Dept. (Nicaragua)      453

Leeward and Caribee Islands Command

ROYAL PROVINCIAL UNITS

Barbadian Rangers      453

Carolina Black Corps      454

ROYAL MILITIAS

Antigua Militia      454

Barbados Militia      455

Grenada Militia      455

St. Christopher Militia      455

Appendix: Issuers of Military Commissions, Warrants and Appointments      457

Bibliography      459

Index      471

Book Reviews & Awards

“This work contains the foundation on which future historical research will be built…an invaluable contribution to Loyalist studies…amazing”—Patriots of the American Revolution; “valuable resource”—The Journal of Southern History; “invaluable…Military Loyalists is the fruit of the most painstaking, careful, and thorough research and represents scholarship at its best. It is an outstanding work, an essential reference for any serious student of the War for Independence”—Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research; “a detailed work…impressive…invaluable tool”—The NYMAS Review; “this book has been too long in coming…the most complete and authoritative source available…extensively researched”—Reference Reviews.