Eisenhower and the Art of Warfare

A Critical Appraisal

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About the Book

On August 14, 1942, Chief of Staff George C. Marshall appointed General Dwight D. Eisenhower Commander of the European theater of operations for North Africa. Eisenhower had no prior training or experience in warfare and no experience commanding an army. Frequently, he was subjected to unjustifiable interference from Marshall (who was 3,000 miles away from the fighting). This book explores the idea that both Eisenhower and Marshall made too many decisions which were based not on sound military principles, but rather on nationalism and well-intended generosity. Beginning with his appointment and the planning of the invasion of North Africa (codename “TORCH”), this work suggests that Eisenhower’s involvement in political situations weakened his effectiveness on the battlefield. One chapter focuses on the poorly organized Allied air command in Algeria and discusses Eisenhower’s reluctance to be part of a unified air command. Another records his appointment to the position of Supreme Allied Commander North African Theater of Operations, and also explores Eisenhower’s inconsistencies and indecisiveness during the planning of the invasion of Sicily. Chapter Seven covers the much-disputed “DRAGOON” operation—the invasion of Southern France to the detriment of the Italian campaign—and Eisenhower’s insistence on “broad front” warfare and resistance to the idea of indirect attack. Much of the book provides detailed insight into the rationale—both sound and questionable—that was behind many of the strategic decisions made by Eisenhower during World War II and suggests that with more experienced leadership, the conclusion could have come much sooner and with fewer casualties.

About the Author(s)

The late D.J. Haycock, was an English tutor and lived in Los Angeles, California.

Bibliographic Details

D.J. Haycock
Format: softcover (6 x 9)
Pages: 239
Bibliographic Info: photos, maps, notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2004
pISBN: 978-0-7864-1894-7
eISBN: 978-0-7864-2699-7
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Preface       1

Introduction       3

1. The Decision to Invade North Africa      15

2. Supreme Commander Eisenhower and the Landings in North Africa      16

3. The Battle of Kasserine Pass      29

4. Post-Kasserine and the Casablanca Conference      42

5. The Sicily Invasion      45

6. The Invasion of Italy      54

7. Operation Dragoon—The Landing in Southern France      60

8. The Invasion of Northern Europe      74

9. Caen and Operations Goodwood and Cobra      82

10. The Campaign Following Caen      92

11. The Problem of Appointing a Ground Commander      118

12. Antwerp      123

13. “Market-Garden”      128

14. West of the Rhine      132

15. The Germans Strike in the Ardennes      138

16. The Final Assault Against Germany      154

17. The End of the War in Europe      168

18. Eisenhower’s Errors      180

19. Montgomery      191

20. U.S. Chief of Staff George C. Marshall      195

21. Eisenhower’s Qualifications      198

22. Conclusion      213

Notes       215

Bibliography       221

Index      227

Book Reviews & Awards

“command of fact and detail are undeniable…a needed voice in a discussion…a good addition”—Colorado Libraries.