Civil War Courts-Martial of North Carolina Troops


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About the Book

During the Civil War, Confederate military courts sentenced to death more soldiers from North Carolina than from any other state. This study offers the first exploration of the service records of 450 of these wayward Confederates, most often deserters. Arranged by army, corps, division and brigade, it chronicles their military trials and frequent executions and offers explanations of how the lucky and the clever were able to avoid their fate. Focus on court activity by company allows for comparisons that emphasize the wide disparity in discipline within a regiment and brigade. By stressing the effectiveness of these deadly decisions as deterrents to others, this work maintains that an earlier and wider reliance on execution would have strengthened the Confederacy sufficiently to force a negotiated end to the war, thus saving many Confederate and Federal lives.

About the Author(s)

Aldo S. Perry, a retired project engineer for IBM, lives in Raleigh, North Carolina.

Bibliographic Details

Aldo S. Perry
Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 382
Bibliographic Info: tables, notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2012
pISBN: 978-0-7864-6585-9
eISBN: 978-0-7864-8857-5
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Abbreviations xi

Preface 1

Introduction: Confederate Duty, Discipline and Death 3

Part I: Army of Northern Virginia

 1. History of North Carolina Troops in the Army of Northern Virginia 15

 2. Third Corps, Wilcox Division, Branch-Lane-Barry Brigade 20

 3. Third Corps, Wilcox Division, Pender-Scales Brigade 42

 4. Third Corps, Heth Division, Pettigrew-Kirkland-MacRae Brigade 65

 5. Third Corps, Heth Division, Cooke Brigade 88

 6. Second Corps, Rodes Division, Daniel-Grimes Brigade 108

 7. Second Corps, Rodes Division, Anderson-Ramseur-Cox Brigade


 8. Second Corps, Early Division, Hoke-Godwin-Lewis Brigade 134

 9. Second Corps, Early Division, Garland-Iverson-Johnston-Toon Brigade 149

10. First and Third North Carolina Infantry Regiments 158

11. First Corps 176

Part II: Department of North Carolina

12. History of North Carolina Troops in the Department of North Carolina 177

13. Ransom Brigade 180

14. Clingman Brigade 199

15. Martin-Kirkland Brigade 209

Part III: Army of Tennessee

16. History of North Carolina Troops in the Army of Tennessee 243

17. Fifty-Eighth and Sixtieth North Carolina Infantry Regiments 247

18. Twenty-Ninth and Thirty-Ninth North Carolina Infantry Regiments 262

19. Palmer Brigade 268

20. Jackson Brigade 273

Part IV: Attached Units and Local Defense

21. Cavalry 275

22. Artillery 287

23. North Carolina Local Defense Force 307

Epilogue: March Off, Straggle Home 311

Chapter Notes 325

Bibliography 343

Index 349

Book Reviews & Awards

“remarkable”—ARBA; “substantial…a very important work…of value”—Civil War News; “meticulous… research…valuable”—The North Carolina Historical Review.