Cities and Water

A Handbook for Planning


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About the Book

Droughts, global warming and rising infrastructure costs have brought new attention to water as both an urban planning and an environmental issue. This volume presents many best-practice case studies to show how cities and towns throughout the United States are restoring their wetlands, watersheds, rivers, beaches, and harbors even as rapid urbanization has put more stress on water supplies. These collected accounts are designed to educate citizens and public officials about water-related issues and future concerns. Regional and national resource directories are included.

About the Author(s)

Roger L. Kemp, Ph.D., has been a city manager on both the East and West coasts for more than 25 years and holds International City/County Management Association credentials. He has taught at the University of California, Rutgers University, the University of New Haven, and the University of Connecticut. He is a distinguished adjunct professor in the Executive MPA Program at Golden Gate University.

Bibliographic Details

Edited by Roger L. Kemp
Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 242
Bibliographic Info: appendices, index
Copyright Date: 2009
pISBN: 978-0-7864-3469-5
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments      vi

Preface      1

Part I. Cities and Water

1. People, Water, and the Urban Environment

Michael Burger      7

2. America’s Aging Water-Related Infrastructure

Lori Burkhammer      11

3. Water Regulations and Land Use

Jon D. Witten      15

4. Protecting Our Watersheds

Jonas Sipaila and William McCully      20

5. Safeguarding Our Drinking Water

Stephen Goudey and Laura Tipple      25

6. The Relationship of Water to Growth

Richard M. Stapleton      27

Part II. The Best Practices

7. Allenstown, NH, Improves Its Wastewater Treatment Process

Ray Gordon      31

8. Aurora, CO, Preserves and Protects Its Water Supply

Amy Kimball      33

9. Ayer, MA, and Other Cities Must Preserve Their Water Supply to Accommodate Growth

Cory S. Hopkins      36

10. Baltimore, MD, and Other Cities Revitalize Their Harbor Areas

Guillermo Lopez      39

11. Boston, MA, and Other Cities Use Citizens and Nonprofit Groups to Clean Up Rivers

Tom Arrandale      44

12. Bradenton, FL, Area Prepares Boating Paradise on Its Rivers and Streams

John Osborne      50

13. Bradley Beach, NJ, Restores and Protects Its Beach Shoreline

JoAnne Castagna      54

14. Charleston, SC, and Other Cities Protect Their Urban Waterfronts

John Buntin      57

15. Charlotte, NC, Restores Stream and Wetlands Corridor Area

Pete Romocki and Chris Matthews      63

16. Chicago, IL, Considers Options to Expand Its Future Water Resources

Geoff Manaugh      66

17. Cleveland, OH, and Other Cities Improve Their Drinking Water Infrastructure

Nancy Zeilig      68

18. Delphos, OH, and Other Cities Improve Their Aging Wastewater Systems

Lori Burkhammer      73

19. Fort Worth, TX, Removes Levees to Reconnect Waterways to Its Neighborhoods

Richard Sawey      77

20. Halifax, NS, Improves Harbor Water Quality with Massive Sewage Infrastructure Improvements

Alec Mackie      80

21. Houston, TX, Improves the Management of Its Stormwater

Amara Rozgus      83

22. Jacksonville, NC, Reconstructs Its Wetlands and Cleans Its Bay

Carole Moore      86

23. Kansas City, KS, Restores Its Urban Habitat and Improves Water Quality

Laurie Brown      91

24. Las Vegas, NV, Master Plan Focuses on Regional Flood Control, Neighborhood Drainage, and Sanitary Sewers

Amara Rozgus      97

25. Los Angeles, CA, Inner-City Renewal Plan Focuses on Restoring the “Lost” River

Hilary Kaplan      100

26. Miami, FL, Shapes Its Future by Restoring and Preserving Its River

Herb Hiller      104

27. Moscow, ID, Restores Nature to Improve Its Rivers and Their Wetlands

Amanda Cronin      107

28. New Orleans, LA, and Other Cities Restore Inner-City Parks and Their Waterways

Jim Miara      112

29. Philadelphia, PA, and Other Cities Clean Contaminated Sites to Restore Their Aging Riverfront Areas

Roshi Pelaseyed      117

30. St. Augustine, FL, Creates New Wetland Areas to Offset Urban Growth Patterns

B.J. Bukata, Debra Segal, Toney Cubbedge, and Rich Turnbull      122

31. St. George, ME, May Acquire Property to Ensure Public Access to Its Shoreline

Peter Ralston      126

32. Salt Lake City, UT, and Other Cities Benefit from Public and Private Wetlands Preservation and Mitigation Programs

Michael M. Brodsky      130

33. San Francisco, CA, Enhances Its Water Quality by Using Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plans

Gary J. Goodemote      135

34. Santa Barbara, CA, Protects Its Coastline While There’s Still Time

Gordy Slack      139

35. Santa Fe, NM, Works with Citizen Groups to Restore a River and Its Corridor

William Poole      142

36. Santa Monica, CA, and Other Cities Let Mother Nature Guide New Stormwater Management Practices

Donald Baker, Les Lampe, and Laura Adams      148

37. Scottsdale, AZ, and Other Cities Reclaim, Recycle, and Reuse Their Wastewater

David Mansfield, Paul Shoenberger, James Crook, and Karen DeCampli      151

38. Seattle, WA, Uses Smart Growth Practices to Improve Water Quality

Lisa Nisenson and Jennifer Molloy      155

39. Streamwood, IL, Takes Measures to Protect Its Rivers and Streams

Steve Gibbs      163

40. Toledo, OH, Takes Steps to Remove Pollutants from Its Rivers to Improve Water Quality

Joshua J. O’Neil and Stephen M. Way      166

41. University Place, WA, Prepares Multi-Agency Master Plan for Water-Sensitive Land Area

Brett Davis      170

42. Washington, DC, Improves the Quality of Its Drinking Water

Kevin Dixon      173

43. West Des Moines, IA, Turns River and Watershed Into Park and Open Space

Sally Ortgies and Edwin Slattery      176

44. Yorklyn, DE, and Other Cities Adopt Plans to Protect Buildings in Floodplains from Water

Michael Powell and Robin Ringler      180

Part III. The Future

45. Growth and Water Issues

Michelle Henrie      185

46. Reclaiming Our Rivers

Nancy L. Fleming      189

47. The Riverfront Conservation Movement

Greg Breining      193

48. Smart Growth and Water Benefits U.S. Environmental Protection Agency      197

49. Restorative Development

Storm Cunningham      200

50. Cities, Water, People, and the Future

Martha Sutro      205

A. Abbreviations and Acronyms      209

B. Glossary of Terms      211

C. Periodical Bibliography      219

D.Water Webliography      220

E. Regional Resource Directory      221

F. National Resource Directory      223

About the Editor and Contributors      225

Index      229

Book Reviews & Awards

“for students and researchers who need information about how city and state planners have addresses the challenges of water needs in their growing communities, this is an essential work that should be consulted often”—ARBA; “environmental issues have created new challenges for urban planners and policymakers, and this handbook uses case studies from throughout the United States to offer these individuals a working list of the best practices”—Reference & Research Book News.