Cities and Sports Stadiums

A Planning Handbook


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About the Book

Throughout the United States, community development is increasingly focused on multi-use stadiums and arenas. Local governments and organizations are revitalizing their communities through these projects, which provide the best inner-city venues for sports, entertainment, cultural events, and business expositions.
The first section of this book reveals how cities negotiate, approve, finance, design, and build stadiums and arenas. The second section includes case studies demonstrating measures and safeguards to take so the planned project will be a fiscal and political success. A final section examines the future of sports facilities.

About the Author(s)

Roger L. Kemp, Ph.D., has been a city manager on both the East and West coasts for more than 25 years and holds International City/County Management Association credentials. He has taught at the University of California, Rutgers University, the University of New Haven, and the University of Connecticut. He is a distinguished adjunct professor in the Executive MPA Program at Golden Gate University.

Bibliographic Details

Edited by Roger L. Kemp
Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 252
Bibliographic Info: appendices, notes, bibliographies, index
Copyright Date: 2009
pISBN: 978-0-7864-3808-2
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments      vii

Preface      1

Section I. Cities and Sports Facilities

1. Cities and the Financing of Sports Facilities

Adam M. Zaretsky      7

2. Sporting Events, Public Benefits, and Urban Development

Greg Clark      14

3. Sports Facilities and Economic Prosperity

Gretchen Barta      19

4. Economic Precautions, Public Scrutiny, and Government Financing

Charles Mahtesian      23

5. Sports Facilities and the Quality of Life

Josh Goodman      29

Section II. The Best Practices

6. Anaheim and the Influence of the Angels

Brian Judd      35

7. Arlington and Other Cities Weigh the Value of Stadiums for Public Financing

Alan Ehrenhalt      39

8. Boise Finances Multi-Use Facility for Community Events

Stephanie Worrell      42

9. Boston and Other Cities Maximize Use of Inner-City Sports Facilities

David Nardone      45

10. Chicago’s Two Sports Stadiums Have Different Economic Impacts

Robert A. Baade, Mimi Nikolova, and Victor A. Matheson      48

11. Corpus Christi Builds New Stadium for Minor League Team

Steve Bergsman      55

12. Denver and Other Cities Should Use Social Benefits to Justify Financing of Sports Facilities

Gerald A. Carlino and N. Edward Coulson      59

13. East Rutherford, Other Cities, Receive “Naming Rights” Revenues from New Sports Stadium

Howard Bloom      70

14. Evansville Mayor Uses Advisory Board to Analyze Need for New Stadium

Roberts Stadium Advisory Board      75

15. Fargo and Other Cities Ponder the “Public Good” in the Taxpayer Financing of New Sports Facilities

Ronald A. Wirtz      79

16. Frisco Focuses on Public-Private Partnerships for New Sports Complex

George A. Purefoy      84

17. Glendale and Other Cities Have Mixed-Use Facility to Create Sports District

Marc Hequet      87

18. Harrisburg and Other Cities Consider Public Ownership of Sports Teams

Charles Mahtesian      89

19. Houston and Other Cities Design Their Sports Stadiums for Comfort

Chuck Ross      95

20. Kansas City and Other Towns Use Stadiums and Arenas for Inner-City Renewal

Parke M. Chapman      98

21. Landover and Other Cities Are Forced to Find New Uses for Old Stadiums

Charles Mahtesian      102

22. Los Angeles and Other Cities Use Community Benefits Agreements to Develop Sports Facilities

Madeline Janis-Aparicio and Roxana Tynan      105

23. Memphis Uses Minor League Team’s Stadium to Revitalize Their Downtown

Desiree French      109

24. Miami Grapples with Use of Public Funding to Finance New Sports Stadium

David Wilkening      112

25. Montgomery Receives Income from Stadium Operations to Offset Public Expenses

Jim Noles      115

26. New York Sets Example for Partnership with Community Groups for Affordable Housing at Arena Project Site

John Atlas      118

27. Newark’s Proposed Arena Sparks Political Debate About City’s Future

Jason Stevenson      122

28. Olympia and Other Cities Ask Their States to Fund Sports Facilities

Jim Brunner      128

29. Pasadena Asks Citizens to Vote on Sports Team and New Facilities

Rebecca Kuzins      131

30. Richmond and Other Cities Entice Minor League Sports Teams to Stimulate Their Economy

Charles Gerena and Betty Joyce Nash      135

31. Rock Hill Approves Innovative Financing Method to Construct Sports Facility

American City & County      140

32. St. Paul Serves as Focus for Statewide Study on New Sports Stadium

Stadium Task Force      142

33. Salem and Other Cities Compete to Host Sporting Events at Their Stadiums and Arenas

Nancye Tuttle      149

34. San Francisco and Other Cities Use Sports Facilities as Anchor Tenants to Stimulate Inner-City Living

Philip Langdon      151

35. Seattle Designs Its Stadium to Fit Both the Neighborhood and the Community

Renée Young      155

36. Sioux Falls and Other Cities Favor Neighborhood Sports Centers Over Large-Scale Facilities

Ronald A. Wirtz      159

37. Trenton Credits Waterfront Ballpark for Bringing People Back Downtown

Janet Ward      163

38. Washington, D.C., Think Tank Encourages Public Officials Not to Subsidize New Sports Stadium

Dennis Coates and Brad R. Humphreys      168

Section III. The Future

39. The “Real” Economic Impact of Publicly Financed Sports Facilities

Dennis Coates and Brad R. Humphreys      179

40. The Changing Nature of America’s Sports Facilities

Chad Seifried and Dave Shonk      187

41. Sports Facilities, Public Benefits, and the Future

Jordan Rappaport and Chad Wilkerson      198

42. Major Issues Shaping America’s Sports Industry

John Sweeney      213

43. The Future of the Sports Industry in America

Irving Rein, Philip Kotler, and Ben Shields      219


A. Glossary      223

B. Acronyms and Abbreviations      224

C. Periodicals Bibliography      226

D. Books and Articles Bibliography      227

E. Foundation Resources      229

F. Federal Reserve Bank Resources      230

G. Federal Government Resources      231

H. Regional Resource Directory      231

I. National Resource Directory      232

J. International Resource Directory      234

About the Editor and Contributors      235

Index      237

Book Reviews & Awards

“Recommended. All readers.”—Choice.