Cities and Sports Stadiums

A Planning Handbook


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About the Book

Throughout the United States, community development is increasingly focused on multi-use stadiums and arenas. Local governments and organizations are revitalizing their communities through these projects, which provide the best inner-city venues for sports, entertainment, cultural events, and business expositions. The first section of this book reveals how cities negotiate, approve, finance, design, and build stadiums and arenas. The second section includes case studies demonstrating measures and safeguards to take so the planned project will be a fiscal and political success. A final section examines the future of sports facilities.

About the Author(s)

Roger L. Kemp, Ph.D., ICMA-CM, has been a city manager on both the East and West coasts for more than 25 years. He is presently Distinguished Adjunct Professor of Public Administration at Golden Gate University and a Fellow of The Academy of Political Science.

Bibliographic Details

Edited by Roger L. Kemp

Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 252
Bibliographic Info: appendices, notes, bibliographies, index
Copyright Date: 2009
pISBN: 978-0-7864-3808-2
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments      vii
Preface      1

Section I. Cities and Sports Facilities
1. Cities and the Financing of Sports Facilities
Adam M. Zaretsky      7
2. Sporting Events, Public Benefits, and Urban Development
Greg Clark      14
3. Sports Facilities and Economic Prosperity
Gretchen Barta      19
4. Economic Precautions, Public Scrutiny, and Government Financing
Charles Mahtesian      23
5. Sports Facilities and the Quality of Life
Josh Goodman      29

Section II. The Best Practices
6. Anaheim and the Influence of the Angels
Brian Judd      35
7. Arlington and Other Cities Weigh the Value of Stadiums for Public Financing
Alan Ehrenhalt      39
8. Boise Finances Multi-Use Facility for Community Events
Stephanie Worrell      42
9. Boston and Other Cities Maximize Use of Inner-City Sports Facilities
David Nardone      45
10. Chicago’s Two Sports Stadiums Have Different Economic Impacts
Robert A. Baade, Mimi Nikolova, and Victor A. Matheson      48
11. Corpus Christi Builds New Stadium for Minor League Team
Steve Bergsman      55
12. Denver and Other Cities Should Use Social Benefits to Justify Financing of Sports Facilities
Gerald A. Carlino and N. Edward Coulson      59
13. East Rutherford, Other Cities, Receive “Naming Rights” Revenues from New Sports Stadium
Howard Bloom      70
14. Evansville Mayor Uses Advisory Board to Analyze Need for New Stadium
Roberts Stadium Advisory Board      75
15. Fargo and Other Cities Ponder the “Public Good” in the Taxpayer Financing of New Sports Facilities
Ronald A. Wirtz      79
16. Frisco Focuses on Public-Private Partnerships for New Sports Complex
George A. Purefoy      84
17. Glendale and Other Cities Have Mixed-Use Facility to Create Sports District
Marc Hequet      87
18. Harrisburg and Other Cities Consider Public Ownership of Sports Teams
Charles Mahtesian      89
19. Houston and Other Cities Design Their Sports Stadiums for Comfort
Chuck Ross      95
20. Kansas City and Other Towns Use Stadiums and Arenas for Inner-City Renewal
Parke M. Chapman      98
21. Landover and Other Cities Are Forced to Find New Uses for Old Stadiums
Charles Mahtesian      102
22. Los Angeles and Other Cities Use Community Benefits Agreements to Develop Sports Facilities
Madeline Janis-Aparicio and Roxana Tynan      105
23. Memphis Uses Minor League Team’s Stadium to Revitalize Their Downtown
Desiree French      109
24. Miami Grapples with Use of Public Funding to Finance New Sports Stadium
David Wilkening      112
25. Montgomery Receives Income from Stadium Operations to Offset Public Expenses
Jim Noles      115
26. New York Sets Example for Partnership with Community Groups for Affordable Housing at Arena Project Site
John Atlas      118
27. Newark’s Proposed Arena Sparks Political Debate About City’s Future
Jason Stevenson      122
28. Olympia and Other Cities Ask Their States to Fund Sports Facilities
Jim Brunner      128
29. Pasadena Asks Citizens to Vote on Sports Team and New Facilities
Rebecca Kuzins      131
30. Richmond and Other Cities Entice Minor League Sports Teams to Stimulate Their Economy
Charles Gerena and Betty Joyce Nash      135
31. Rock Hill Approves Innovative Financing Method to Construct Sports Facility
American City & County      140
32. St. Paul Serves as Focus for Statewide Study on New Sports Stadium
Stadium Task Force      142
33. Salem and Other Cities Compete to Host Sporting Events at Their Stadiums and Arenas
Nancye Tuttle      149
34. San Francisco and Other Cities Use Sports Facilities as Anchor Tenants to Stimulate Inner-City Living
Philip Langdon      151
35. Seattle Designs Its Stadium to Fit Both the Neighborhood and the Community
Renée Young      155
36. Sioux Falls and Other Cities Favor Neighborhood Sports Centers Over Large-Scale Facilities
Ronald A. Wirtz      159
37. Trenton Credits Waterfront Ballpark for Bringing People Back Downtown
Janet Ward      163
38. Washington, D.C., Think Tank Encourages Public Officials Not to Subsidize New Sports Stadium
Dennis Coates and Brad R. Humphreys      168

Section III. The Future
39. The “Real” Economic Impact of Publicly Financed Sports Facilities
Dennis Coates and Brad R. Humphreys      179
40. The Changing Nature of America’s Sports Facilities
Chad Seifried and Dave Shonk      187
41. Sports Facilities, Public Benefits, and the Future
Jordan Rappaport and Chad Wilkerson      198
42. Major Issues Shaping America’s Sports Industry
John Sweeney      213
43. The Future of the Sports Industry in America
Irving Rein, Philip Kotler, and Ben Shields      219

A. Glossary      223
B. Acronyms and Abbreviations      224
C. Periodicals Bibliography      226
D. Books and Articles Bibliography      227
E. Foundation Resources      229
F. Federal Reserve Bank Resources      230
G. Federal Government Resources      231
H. Regional Resource Directory      231
I. National Resource Directory      232
J. International Resource Directory      234
About the Editor and Contributors      235
Index      237

Book Reviews & Awards

“Recommended. All readers.”—Choice.