Cities and Adult Businesses

A Handbook for Regulatory Planning


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About the Book

Each year, millions of taxpayer dollars are wasted in lawsuits dealing with the regulation and restriction of adult businesses. In many cases, local public officials fail to adopt suitable policies and procedures before an adult business moves in, and this retroactive approach often leads to drawn-out, expensive lawsuits. This volume provides detailed information, mainly through numerous case studies, on how to proactively introduce various zoning, planning, and licensing restrictions while preventing costly lawsuits.
The first section introduces the reader to the various policies that are available. The second section details the measures taken by dozens of cities and towns when permitting adult businesses to locate in their community. The final section focuses on future trends.

About the Author(s)

Roger L. Kemp, Ph.D., has been a city manager on both the East and West coasts for more than 25 years and holds International City/County Management Association credentials. He has taught at the University of California, Rutgers University, the University of New Haven, and the University of Connecticut. He is a distinguished adjunct professor in the Executive MPA Program at Golden Gate University.

Bibliographic Details

Edited by Roger L. Kemp
Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 266
Bibliographic Info: appendices, notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2010
pISBN: 978-0-7864-3807-5
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments      vi

Preface      1

Section I. Introduction

1. Cities and Adult Businesses

Kelly Anders and Jude Balsamo      7

2. Adult Businesses and Land-Use Regulations

Lydia R. Marola and Rebecca Lubin      9

3. Adult Businesses and the First Amendment

James Monge      18

4. Adult Businesses and Recent Legal Cases

Jeffrey Goldfarb      23

Section II. The Best Practices

5. Albany Officials Provide Cities with Legal Guidelines to Regulate Adult Businesses

Susan L. Watson      29

6. Beckley’s Elected Leaders Adopt Zoning Laws to Mitigate the Negative Secondary Impact of SOBs

Emmett S. Pugh III      34

7. Boston Restores Historic Buildings to Eliminate the Combat Zone

Joe Albanese and Scott Martinelli      42

8. Charleston Business Leaders Turned Around Their Downtown

Robert W. Bivens      47

9. Columbia Officials Promote Use of Business Licenses to Regulate SOBs

Steffanie Dorn      49

10. Columbus Officials Adopt SOB Regulations in Response to Citizens’ Initiative

Jim Siegel      52

11. Conway Uses Business Licenses to Regulate Adult Businesses

Jeff Bowman      57

12. Delaware Officials Advise Their Cities on How to Regulate Adult Businesses

Philip C. Laurien      61

13. Detroit Considers Law to Preclude SOBs from Their Central Business District

Helena Varnavas      68

14. Erie’s Public Indecency Ordinance Is Upheld by the Supreme Court

Scott D. Bergthold      71

15. Forest Park, Like Many Small Towns, Had No Laws to Regulate Adult Businesses

Ed Brock      76

16. Harrisburg Officials Include Chapter on Adult Business Regulations in Their Municipal Briefing Booklet

Robert D. Robbins      78

17. Hartford Officials Review Adult Entertainment Laws in Connecticut Cities

Christopher Reinhart      83

18. Hastings Adopts Laws to Further Restrict the Operations of Adult Businesses

Daniel J. Fluegel      86

19. Lemont Village Officials Update Their Adult Business Ordinance

James A. Brown      92

20. Littleton Adult Business Distance Rule Is Upheld by the Supreme Court

Scott D. Bergthold      96

21. Los Angeles Has Its Adult Business Zoning Criteria Reaffirmed by the Supreme Court

Scott D. Bergthold      100

22. Lyons Limits Adult Uses to Industrial Zones and the Court Agrees

Roger Huebner and Jerry Zarley      104

23. Memphis Officials Defer Final Vote on Allowing Beer Sales in Adult Businesses Until After Court Appeal

Bill Dries      108

24. Middleton Voters Reject Adult Entertainment Business Zone

John Laidler and Bella Travaglini      111

25. Minneapolis and Other Cities Use GIS to Regulate the Location of Adult Businesses

American City & County      115

26. Nashville Reinvigorates Downtown by Creating a Network of Property Owners to Plan for the Future

Jim Constantine and Hunter Gee      118

27. New York City Cleans Up Times Square by Creating a Business Improvement District

Howard Kozloff      123

28. North Andover Controls Adult Businesses with an Adult Business District

Brad Kane      129

29. North Bend and Issaquah Enter into Agreement with Their County on the Placement of Adult Businesses

Ron Sims      131

30. Oakley, a New City, Approves Its First Adult Business Regulations

Alison A. Barratt-Green and Rebecca Willis      134

31. Orlando Changes Its Adult Business Code to Set Distances from Other Land Uses

Jason Burton and Kyle Shephard      141

32. Providence Uses Enforcement to Clean Up Its Downtown

Ellen Perlman      148

33. Raleigh and Other Cities Have Their Laws Challenged by Adult Businesses

David W. Owens      154

34. Renton and Other Cities Base Their Regulations on the Possible Negative Impact of Adult Businesses

Alan C. Weinstein      163

35. San Antonio Involves Citizens in the Planning and Renewal of Their Neighborhoods

J. Rolando Bono      169

36. Saratoga Springs Planning Board Reviews Its Adult Use Laws

Jaclyn Hakes      172

37. Seattle Defines and Regulates Adult Business Uses

Diane M. Sugimura      179

38. Shoreline Adult Business Group Tries to Change the City Government

Robert Deis and Larry Bauman      191

39. Southeast Establishes Land-Use Controls to Regulate the Establishment of Adult Businesses

Willis H. Stephens, Jr.      195

40. Staunton Adopts Law Limiting Adult Uses to Their Industrial Zone with a Business License and Permit

Deborah A. Lane      202

41. Tampa Ordered by Court to Restore Public Access Channel Closed for Airing Adult Shows

Neil J. Lehto      206

42. Thousand Oaks Considers Zoning Designations and Regulations for Adult Businesses

Mark G. Sellers      211

43. Toledo Carefully Regulates Existing Adult Businesses

Robert Henry      217

44. Urbana Plans for the Future by Regulating Adult Businesses Before It Has One

Mary M. Farmer      222

45. Waco Works with Citizens and Makes Public Investment to Bring Back a Deteriorated Neighborhood

Michael Morrison      226

46. Wichita Spends Public Funds to Stimulate Private Investment to Revitalize Its Downtown

D. Kay Johnson      228

Section III. The Future

47. Cities, Adult Businesses, Regulations, and the Law

David L. Hudson, Jr.      232

48. Zoning, Land Uses, and the Future of Downtowns

George R. Frantz      234

49. Ten National Trends to Help Plan for and Develop Innovative Downtowns

Bill Ryan      236

50. The Urban Center Is the Future of the American City

Diane Filippi and Jim Chappell      239


A. Periodical Bibliography      243

B. Regional Resource Directory      244

C. State Municipal League Directory      245

D. State Library Directory      246

E. National Resource Directory      247

F. U.S. Supreme Court Cases and Adult Businesses      248

G. Secondary Effects Land-Use Studies of Adult Businesses in America      249

About the Editor and Contributors      251

Index      253

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