American Zouaves, 1859–1959

An Illustrated History


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About the Book

The elite French Zouaves, with their distinctive, colorful uniforms, set an influential example for volunteer soldiers during the Civil War and continued to inspire American military units for a century. Hundreds of militia companies adopted the flamboyant uniform to emulate the gallantry and martial tradition of the Zouaves.
Drawing on fifty years of research, this volume provides a comprehensive state-by-state catalog of American Zouave units, richly illustrated with rare and previously unpublished photographs and drawings. The author dispels many misconceptions and errors that have persisted over the last 150 years.

About the Author(s)

Daniel J. Miller, a retired police officer with 42 years’ service, has been collecting and researching American Zouave units for over fifty years. He lives in Caro, Michigan.

Bibliographic Details

Daniel J. Miller
Format: softcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 552
Bibliographic Info: 397 photos (41 in color), notes, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2020
pISBN: 978-1-4766-7726-2
eISBN: 978-1-4766-3627-6
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Preface  1
Introduction  3
The French Zouaves and Their Uniform  9
The American Zouave Fever  15
Alabama  24
California  25
Colorado  40
Connecticut  40
Delaware  42
District of Columbia  43
Florida  47
Georgia  47
Hawaiian Islands  49
Illinois  50
Indiana  81
Iowa  106
Kansas  115
Kentucky  118
Louisiana  122
Maine  130
Maryland  132
Massachusetts  138
Michigan  161
Minnesota  176
Mississippi  180
Missouri  180
Nebraska  189
Nevada  191
New Hampshire  192
New Jersey  194
New York  204
North Carolina  314
Ohio  315
Oklahoma  346
Oregon  346
Pennsylvania  347
Rhode Island  409
Between pages 412 and 413 are 16 color plates
containing 41 photographs
South Carolina  413
Tennessee  415
Texas  422
Utah  426
Vermont  427
Virginia  428
Washington  430
West Virginia  432
Wisconsin  433
Unattributed  447
Unidentified Zouaves  448
Chapter Notes  477
Bibliography  505
Index  507

Book Reviews & Awards

“Miller has taken the study of the Zouave and his uniform to an almost finite degree. Its release represents an even more important milestone in our understanding of this oft baggy-trousered warrior in his flamboyant uniform. … highly recommended and will become an essential reference work.”—Military Images