Chronology of Public Health in the United States


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SKU: 9780786421947 Categories: ,

About the Book

Aside from other humans, the strongest challengers to human beings are microscopic life forms and viruses. Public health specialists provide preventive measures by immunizing the masses and educating the public about health practices and lifestyle choices most likely to prevent disease and chronic illness.
This chronology tracks the development of public health in the United States. It begins in 1796 with the vaccination for smallpox by Dr. Edward Jenner in England, soon adapted as the first public health initiative in America. It follows the course of public health through the development of the germ theory of disease and the subsequent focus on vaccines and antibiotics; the advent of penicillin in the 1940s and the Salk vaccine against polio in the early 1950s; and the gradual shift of public health efforts from combatting infectious diseases to understanding the diseases of aging. The work also includes extensive information on the immune system, along with data on death rates and life expectancies that provide the best measure of the success of public health in the United States.

About the Author(s)

Statistical analyst Russell O. Wright is the author of a series of Chronology reference works on subjects including American housing, education, immigration, public health, transportation, and the stock market. He is also the author of several McFarland baseball books and lives in Rancho Palos Verdes, California.

Bibliographic Details

Russell O. Wright
Format: softcover (6 x 9)
Pages: 184
Bibliographic Info: tables, appendices, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2005
pISBN: 978-0-7864-2194-7
eISBN: 978-1-4766-1286-7
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments      viii

Introduction      1

The Chronology      47


1. Disease Causes of Death versus Actual Causes, 2000      131

2. Ten Leading Causes of Death, 1900–1940      134

3. Ten Leading Causes of Death, 1950–2000      138

4. Ten Leading Causes of Death, 1900–2000      142

5. Death Rates per 100,000 for Selected Causes, 1900–2000      145

6. Discovery of Disease Organisms      148

7. 1918 Influenza and Pneumonia Deaths      152

8. Drugs Most Frequently Prescribed, 2001      156

9. Fatal Occupational Injuries, 2002      159

10. AIDS Deaths and New Cases, 1985–2002      163

Bibliography      167

Index      171

Book Reviews & Awards

“extensive introduction…recommended”—Choice; “recommended”—Reference Reviews.