Chronology of Labor in the United States
About the Book
Organized labor did not become a reality in the United States until a ruling by the Massachusetts Supreme Court in 1842 essentially made it legal to form unions. The first successful national union was the International Typographical Union, which was formed in 1852 following a series of meetings that began in 1850. Labor unions in the United States were seen as vehicles for better wages, not as instruments for achieving social change as in Europe.
This chronology deals primarily with the history of American labor unions and their interactions with industry. The introduction discusses how labor (and manufacturing) developed in the United States before 1850, when early attempts at organizing labor failed. The chronology begins in 1850 with the beginning of talks to form the International Typographical Union. The topics covered in the chronology and in the appendices include the gradual shift of the workforce from farming to manufacturing to service occupations, women in the labor force, child labor, the average work week, unemployment compensation, the minimum wage, safety in the work place, and educational issues.
About the Author(s)
Statistical analyst Russell O. Wright is the author of a series of Chronology reference works on subjects including American housing, education, immigration, public health, transportation, and the stock market. He is also the author of several McFarland baseball books and lives in Rancho Palos Verdes, California.
Russell O. Wright
Format: softcover (6 x 9)
Bibliographic Info: tables, appendices, bibliography, index
Copyright Date: 2003
Table of Contents
Chronology of Labor 17
Appendix 1: Percentage of Union Membership in Work Force (1930–2000) 109
Appendix 2: Decline in U.S. Farm Workers (1820–1994) 113
Appendix 3: Percentage of Women in the U.S. Work Force (1870–2000) 115
Appendix 4: Work Stoppages Involving 1,000 Workers or More (1960–2000) 119
Appendix 5: Minimum Wage in the United States (1938–2002) 121
Appendix 6: Biographies of Key Labor Leaders 123