American Women’s Track and Field, 1981–2000

A History

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About the Book

In 1895 the Vassar College Athletic Association ignored the constraints placed on women athletes of that era and held its first-ever women’s field day, featuring competition in five track and field events. Soon colleges across the country were offering women the opportunity to compete. Much has changed for collegiate track and field programs over time, particularly in recent years. A full program of distance events was added to the 1984 Olympic’s schedule culminating in the marathon; by the year 2000, women were throwing the hammer, running the steeplechase, triple jumping and pole vaulting. Today, many await the replacement of the heptathlon with the decathlon—when this change occurs, the men’s and women’s programs will finally be equal.
This exhaustive history, a continuation of the first volume which covered the years 1895 through 1980, details every United States Olympic team, Olympic trial, national championship, Pan American Games and other significant meets involving American women in track and field events from 1981 through 2000.
Almost 50 unique interviews with outstanding athletes and coaches, more than 100 photographs, a listing of enshrinees in the National Track and Field Hall of Fame, listings of major award winners and New York Marathon winners, and an extensive bibliography and index are included.

About the Author(s)

The late Louise Mead Tricard, was a member of the 1959 Pan American team and had worked extensively with the U.S. national and international track and field teams. She was a retired guidance counselor and lived in Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Bibliographic Details

Louise Mead Tricard
Format: hardcover (7 x 10)
Pages: 527
Bibliographic Info: 112 photos, appendices, bibliography, indexes
Copyright Date: 2008
pISBN: 978-0-7864-2973-8
eISBN: 978-0-7864-5538-6
Imprint: McFarland

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments      vi
Abbreviations      xiv
Preface      1

1. 1981      3
The Outdoor Nationals      3
The Indoor Nationals      7
Sunkist Invitational      9
TAC Pentathlon      9
1st U.S. Women’s Heptathlon Championships      9
3rd IAAF World Cup      10
USA vs. USSR      11
TAC Cross Country Championships      13
Grand Prix Winners      13
Other News and Honors      14
Interview: Oneithea “Neni” Davis Lewis      19

2. 1982      22
The Outdoor Nationals      22
The Indoor Nationals      27
Sunkist Invitational      30
USA vs. USSR      30
USA Senior Heptathlon Championships      31
USA–West Germany Dual Meet      31
USA–East Germany Dual Meet      32
United States Cross Country Championships      32
Grand Prix Winners      33
Other News and Honors      33
Interview: Susan Liers-Westerfield-Reina      35

3. 1983      38
The Outdoor Nationals      38
The Indoor Nationals      42
Sunkist Invitational      46
9th Pan American Games      46
U.S. Women’s Marathon Championships      47
U.S. Heptathlon Championships      48
1st IAAF World Outdoor Track and Field Championships      48
USA vs. GDR Dual Meet      51
Other News and Honors      53
Interview: Chandra Cheeseborough      54
Profile: Easter Gabriel-Young      56
Interview: Evelyn Lawler Lewis      56
Interview: Carol Lewis      58

4. 1984: The Los Angeles Olympic Year      67
The Olympic Results      71
The Olympic Trials      77
The Outdoor Nationals      85
U.S. Heptathlon Championships      89
The Indoor Nationals      89
Sunkist Invitational      91
Vitalis/U.S. Olympic Invitational      92
West Berlin, Germany      93
London, England      93
Zurich, Switzerland      93
Cologne, West Germany      94
Koblenz, West Germany      95
Rome, Italy      95
Paris, France      96
London, England      96
8 Nation Meet      96
Talence, France      97
Final Grand Prix Standings      97
Other News and Honors      97
Interview: Sharrieffa Barksdale      100
Interview: Alice Brown Harris      101
Interview: Tasha Downing      103
Interview: Benita Fitzgerald Mosley      104
Interview: Stephanie Hightower      106
Interview: Joni Huntley      108
Interview: Pam Spencer      110
Interview: Ruth Wysocki      111

5. 1985      115
The Outdoor Nationals      115
U.S. Heptathlon Championships      119
The Indoor Nationals      119
Sunkist Invitational      122
4th IAAF World Cup      122
1st World Indoor Games      123
USA-USSR-Japan Triangular Meet      123
U.S. Women’s Marathon Championships      125
1st IAAF World Cup Marathon Championships      125
U.SWomen’s 10 Kilometer Road Race      125
World Cross Country Championships      125
Other News and Honors      126
Interview: Claudette Groenendaal      127

6. 1986      130
The Outdoor Nationals      130
The Indoor Nationals      133
Sunkist Invitational      135
U.S. Marathon Championships      136
1st Goodwill Games      136
1st World Junior Championships      138
Pan American Junior Track and Field Championships      138
Other News and Honors      139

7. 1987      140
The Outdoor Nationals      140
The Indoor Nationals      148
Sunkist Invitational      149
10th Pan American Games      150
U.S. Marathon Championships      152
2nd IAAF World Outdoor Track and Field Championships      152
1st IAAF World Indoor Track and Field Championships154
Other News and Honors      155
Interview: Rose Monday      156

8. 1988: The Seoul Olympic Year      161
The Olympic Results      163
The Olympic Trials      169
Marathon Trials      178
The Outdoor Nationals      178
The Indoor Nationals      183
Sunkist Invitational      185
Other News and Honors      185
Interview: Terry Crawford      188
Interview: Dr. Evie Dennis      191
Interview: Dr. Ernie Gregoire      192
Interview: LaTanya Sheffield      194
Interview: Maryanne Torrellas Daniel      196

9. 1989      199
The Outdoor Nationals      199
The Indoor Nationals      205
Sunkist Invitational      207
5th IAAF World Cup      208
2nd IAAF World Indoor Track and Field Championships      209
USA-USSR-Great Britain-West Germany Quadrangular Meet      209
World Cross Country Championships      210
U.S. Marathon Championships      211
World Marathon Cup      211
World Race Walking Cup      211
World Games      211
Final Standings of the Mobil Grand Prix Final      212
Other News and Honors      212
Interview: Sandra Farmer Patrick      215

10. 1990      218
The Outdoor Nationals      218
The Indoor Nationals      224
Sunkist Invitational      226
Goodwill Games      226
IAAF World Cross Country Championships      228
IAAF/Mobil Grand Prix Series      228
Other News and Honors      229
Interview: PattiSue Plumer      231

11. 1991      237
The Outdoor Nationals      237
The Indoor Nationals      243
Sunkist Invitational      245
11th Pan American Games      245
3rd IAAF World Indoor Track and Field Championships      246
3rd IAAF World Outdoor Track and Field Championships      247
IAAF World Cross Country Championships      248
Other News and Honors      249
Interview: Arnita Epps Myricks Champion      251
Interview: Alisa Harvey      253

12. 1992: The Barcelona Olympic Year      258
The Olympic Results      259
The Olympic Trials      262
The Indoor Nationals      270
Sunkist Invitational      272
6th IAAF World Cup      272
20th IAAF World Cross Country Championships      273
IAAF/Mobil Grand Prix Final      274
Other News and Honors      274
Interview: Bonnie Edmondson      277
Interview: Cindy Greiner      279
Interview: Robyne Johnson      285

13. 1993      287
The Outdoor Nationals      287
The Indoor Nationals      294
Sunkist Invitational      295
4th IAAF World Indoor Track and Field Championships      296
4th IAAF World Outdoor Track and Field Championships      297
21st IAAF World Cross Country Championships      299
Other News and Honors      299
Interview: Natasha Kaiser Brown      301

14. 1994      307
The Outdoor Nationals      307
The Indoor Nationals      313
Sunkist Invitational      315
New York Grand Prix      315
San Jose Grand Prix      316
7th IAAF/Mobil World Cup      317
U.S. Women’s Marathon Championships      318
IAAF/Snickers World Cross Country Championships      318
Other News and Honors      318
Interview: Ceci Hopp StGeme      320
Interview: Philippa “Phil” Raschker      321

15. 1995      325
The Outdoor Nationals      325
The Indoor Nationals      330
Sunkist Invitational      334
12th Pan American Games      334
5th IAAF World Outdoor Track and Field Championships      335
5th IAAF World Indoor Track and Field Championships      337
IAAF/Mobil Grand Prix Final      338
U.S. Women’s World Cross Country Team Trials      338
USATF Women’s Cross Country Championships      338
IAAF/Snickers World Cross Country Championships      339
IAAF/Reebok World Race Walking Cup      339
IAAF Grand Prix Standings      339
Other News and Honors      339
Interview: Pam Dukes      344
Profile: Michelle Rohl      348

16. 1996: The Atlanta Olympic Year      352
The Olympic Results      353
The Olympic Trials      358
The Indoor Nationals      366
Los Angeles Invitational (formerly Sunkist Invitational)      368
USATF Cross Country Championships      368
24th IAAF World Cross Country Championships      368
VII Pan American Race Walking Cup      369
Other News and Honors      369
Interview: Lacy Barnes Mileham      371
Interview: Joe Douglas      372
Interview: Ramona Pagel      374
Interview: Connie Price Smith      377
Interview: Jenny Spangler      378
Interview: Deanne Vochatzer      380

17. 1997      383
The Outdoor Nationals      383
The Indoor Nationals      388
6th IAAF World Outdoor Track and Field Championships      390
6th IAAF World Indoor Track and Field Championships      394
U.S. Marathon Championships      394
IAAF World Cross Country Championships      394
Overall Grand Prix Standings      395
Other News and Honors      395
Interview: Jearl Miles Clark      397

18. 1998      401
The Outdoor Nationals      401
The Indoor Nationals      405
Los Angeles Invitational      407
IAAF Golden League Grand Prix Final      407
8th IAAF World Cup      408
26th IAAF World Cross Country Championships      409
Other News and Honors      409
Interview: Cheryl Taplin      413

19. 1999      415
The Outdoor Nationals      415
The Indoor Nationals      422
39th Los Angeles Invitational      423
13th Pan American Games      423
7th IAAF World Outdoor Track and Field Championships      424
7th IAAF World Indoor Track and Field Championships      426
19th IAAF World Race Walking Cup      427
IAAF World Cross Country Championships      427
IAAF Grand Prix Final      428
Other News and Honors      429
Interview: Joanna Hayes      430
Interview: Inger Miller      431

20. 2000: The Sydney Olympic Year      433
The Olympic Results      435
The Olympic Trials      440
U.S. Olympic Team Trials (Marathon)      448
The Indoor Nationals      448
40th Los Angeles Invitational      450
World Cross Country Championships      450
Golden Gala      451
Exxon Mobil Bislett Games      451
Zurich Weltklasse      451
Ivo Van Damme Memorial      451
ISTAF Berlin      451
IAAF Grand Prix Final      452
USA Winter Cross Country National Championships      452
IAAF Grand Prix Standings      452
IAAF World Rankings      452
Other News and Honors      452
Interview: Amy Acuff      459
Interview: Jenny Adams      460
Interview: Hazel Clark      462
Profile: Tiombé JHurd      463
Interview: Kellie Suttle      465

Appendix A: Halls of Fame      467
National Track and Field Hall of Fame Enshrinees      467
National Women’s Hall of Fame      467
International Women’s Sports Hall of Fame      468
U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame      468
National Track and Field Hall of Fame Historical Research Library      468

Appendix B: Awards      469
C.C. Jackson Awards      469
Joseph Robichaux Award      469
Team Championship Award      470
Jesse Owens Award      470
Runner-of-the-Year      471
Sullivan Award      471

Appendix C: Olympic Gold Medalists, 1984–2000      472

Appendix D: Marathon Winners      474
Boston Marathon      474
New York Marathon      474
New York Mini Marathon      475

Bibliography      477
Index of Photographs      485
General Index      487

Book Reviews & Awards

“recommended”—Choice.