Ed Bolden and Black Baseball in Philadelphia
Courtney Michelle Smith
For nearly 40 years, Ed Bolden dominated black baseball in Philadelphia. He owned two teams, the Darby-based Hilldale Club and the Philadelphia Stars, and briefly led the Eastern Colored League, which he founded. Winner of two championships—one with each team—he experienced the highs and lows of the Negro Leagues. He remained with the Stars until his death in 1950, which foreshadowed the dissolution of the Negro Leagues in the face of Major League Baseball’s integration. This book examines Bolden’s leadership of both teams through economic downturns, racial discrimination and two world wars.