North Korean Review

For More Information:
Back Issues
Publication Ethics
Style Guide
Editorial Board & Staff

North Korean Review is the first academic journal in North America or Europe to focus exclusively on North Korea. The purpose of NKR is to provide readers with an improved understanding of the country’s complexities and the threat it presents to global stability.

International and interdisciplinary, NKR is a refereed journal published twice a year. Topics include culture, history, economics, business, religion, politics and international relations, among others.


“The first of its kind…belongs in most university libraries” — Library Journal


General Information
North Korean Review is published twice a year in the spring and fall. Subscriptions are print-only, and annual rates are $120 for institutions and $40 for individuals.  Subscribers outside the United States add $20 for additional postage.

Digital content is available via a separate subscription to one of the  following products: ProQuest Political Science, ProQuest Social Science, ProQuest Research Library and ProQuest Central.

To subscribe via mail, telephone, fax or e-mail, please contact:

Box 611
Jefferson NC 28640
tel 336-246-4460
fax 336-246-4403

Back Issues & Single Issues

General Information
Back issues from earlier volumes of NKR are available for order. Also, single issues of the current volume may be ordered one at a time. The charge for back issues and single issues for institutions is $75 per issue. Orders from individuals are also welcome, and the charge for individuals is $30.  Individuals may order back issues from our online catalog here.

Ordering Back Issues
To order back issues, please contact:
Box 611
Jefferson NC 28640
tel 336-246-4460
fax 336-246-4403


General Information
North Korean Review publishes two issues per year, one in spring and one in fall. Issues are published at the end of March and September. Authors wishing to appear in the spring issue must submit their articles for consideration by December 31; those wishing to appear in the fall issue must submit their articles by June 30. Peer review may take up to six weeks. Online access to issue articles may take up to two months following publication depending upon the schedule of the online access provider.

NKR welcomes policy-oriented articles (up to 7,000 words) and short papers, commentaries, and cases (up to 3,000 words) on relations between North Korea and other countries. Papers about economics, business, culture, history, politics, international relations and other academic disciplines are accepted for consideration. To submit an article for possible publication in NKR, please submit your paper as an email attachment in Microsoft Word to the editor. Authors will receive an email confirmation when their articles are received.

For further details about preparing an article and formatting files, see the style guide.

Submit all manuscripts and editorial inquiries about NKR to:
Yongho Kim
Yonsei Institute of North Korean Studies
Kim Dae Jung Library
#302, 5-26 Sinchon-ro 4 gil, Mapo-gu
Seoul 121-818
South Korea

North Korean Review Publication Ethics

North Korean Review considers all manuscripts on the strict condition that

  • the manuscript is your own original work, and does not duplicate any other previously published work, including your own previously published work.
  • the manuscript has been submitted only to North Korean Review; it is not under consideration, under peer review, accepted for publication, in press or published elsewhere.
  • the manuscript contains nothing that is abusive, defamatory, libelous, obscene, fraudulent, or illegal.

Please note that North Korean Review screens manuscripts for unoriginal material. By submitting your manuscript to North Korean Review you are agreeing to any necessary originality checks your manuscript may have to undergo during the peer review and production processes.

Authors accepted for publication in North Korean Review are expected to sign a publication agreement confirming their compliance with the terms above and acknowledgement of McFarland’s copyright of issue articles.

Style Guide

General Instructions
1. Format: Please format documents double-spaced in Times New Roman 12 point font using Microsoft Word. Please leave generous margins, avoid righthand justification, and number pages consecutively.

2. Title Page: The title page of the manuscript should include the title of your paper, your name, affiliation, address, phone number, fax number, email address, and a one-paragraph abstract of no more than 100 words and a few key words of the paper.

3. Biographical Statement: Below the author’s contact information, provide a biographical statement of 75 words or fewer to be edited and published in NKR.

4. Headings: NKR uses three levels of headings. Major headings (heading level 1) should be left justified in bold. The first sentence after the heading should be indented. Secondary headings (heading level 2) should be left justified in italic. The first sentence after the heading should be indented. Tertiary headings (heading level 3) should be left justified in italic. The first sentence after the heading should begin on the same line.

5. Tables and Figures: Place each table or figure on a separate page at the end of the text. Indicate the position of the table or figure in the text (e.g., Insert Table 1 here). The page containing the table or figure should be placed after the page of first mention in the text. Authors are responsible for supplying high quality figures and any other kind of illustrative material. These may be sent camera-ready as hard copies ready to scan or provided with the e-mail submission. Please forward all materials to the editor.

6. Endnotes: Use full citation endnotes with no bibliography or reference list. Endnotes should be brief, used sparingly, and numbered consecutively throughout the text with subscript Arabic numbers. Please convert all footnotes to the endnote system.

7. One File: Place all components of your paper in the following order in one file: title, abstract, text, endnotes, tables and figures, and biographical statement.

Article Classification
Categorize your paper on the article title page, under one of these classifications: Research Paper; Viewpoint; Technical Paper; Conceptual Paper; Case Study; or General Review.

Structured Abstract
Authors must supply a structured abstract on the article title page, set out under 4 to 5 sub-headings: Purpose; Design/methodology/approach; Findings; Practical implications; and Originality/value. Maximum is 200 words in total (including keywords and article classification).

       Article type: Research paper

      Purpose—Some scholars imprint an academic discipline by their contribution to the manner in which people think and    research, namely, by putting forward novel concepts and insights. The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of Sumantra Ghoshal’s work on the study of subsidiaries and multinational enterprises and organizational formats for foreign operations.

      Design/methodology/approach—A bibliometric study focused on Bartlett and Ghoshal’s well-known book Managing across Borders: The Transnational Solution is performed to assess its impact in international business (IB) research. The entire record of publications in the top leading IB journal, Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS?), is examined.

      Findings—Theoretically supported, Ghoshal’s work was keenly influenced by his corporate experiences and his constant questioning of the dominant theories and assumptions. The analyses in this paper show the impact of the work on the “transnational solution”, namely, on the understanding of multinationals and subsidiaries, thus being one of the most notable contributions for IB research over the past 20 years.

      Practical implications—Useful for graduate students and in writing a literature review, this paper presents an interesting manner to examine a scholar’s and a theory’s impact on a discipline.

     Originality/value—This paper presents an extensive bibliometric analysis of research published over a time-span of 22 years in international business studies.

      Article type: Research paper

      Purpose—While many studies on institutional environment have primarily focused on the influence of the host country environment, limited insights have been offered on how the different dimensions of home institutions affect firm internationalization. This paper aims to fill this gap by investigating the effects of regulatory institutions at home.

      Design/methodology/approach—Using country governance quality to proxy quality of regulatory institutions, this study attempts to reveal how regulatory institutions at home facilitate a multinational enterprise’s (MNE’s) international expansion and why the influence differs in different country clusters. Using hierarchical linear modeling and cluster analysis, proposed hypotheses were tested with a three-year panel of 511 firms from 38 countries.

      Findings—The results provide substantial support for the authors’ hypotheses that MNEs with high governance quality at home are more engaged in internationalization than those with low governance quality at home. Moreover, differences in institutional effect do exist between country clusters.

      Practical implications—This study provides evidence that while country differences exist, governance quality at home can facilitate MNEs’ expansion into foreign markets. This finding will help managers of any MNEs to consider country-level factors and evaluate the governance quality at home before committing resources into foreign operations.

      Originality/value—Building on the institutional environment literature, this theory and results make original contributions by underscoring how the consideration of regulatory institutions at home can significantly improve understanding of institutional influence on MNEs. The findings have important implications for both international business researchers and managers of MNEs.

This is a scholarly journal. Therefore, develop paragraphs fully; use neither contractions nor first or second person pronouns; avoid repetition, jargon, sexist language and awkward syntactical constructions; do use a limited number of succinct headings and subheadings; and underline or italicize when required. Carefully honed, mellifluous prose is as important as substantive content. A good way to achieve these objectives is to show the manuscript to a colleague whose writing you respect. All accepted material is subject to editorial emendation.

Editorial Board & Staff

Suk Kim
University of Detroit Mercy
Yongho Kim
Yonsei University (South Korea)
Lonnie Edge
Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (South Korea)
Bernhard Seliger
Hanns Seidel Foundation (Germany)
Charles Armstrong
Columbia University
Ruediger Frank
University of Vienna (Austria)
Virginie Grzelczyck
Aston University (UK)
Peter Hayes
Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainability  (Australia)
Sven Horak
St John’s University
Jin Woong Kang
Kyonggi University (South Korea)
Donggil Kim
Peking University (China)
Liang Tuang Nah
Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)
Marcus Noland
Peterson Institute for International Economics
Andrew O’Neil
Griffith University (Australia)
Kyung-Ae Park
University of British Columbia (Canada)
Terence Roehrig
U.S. Naval War College
Andrew Scobell
Rand Corporation
Hazel Smith
University of Central Lancaster (UK)
Balazs Szalontai
Kookmin University (South Korea)
Rhonda Herman
McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers
Adam Phillips
McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers
Layla Milholen
McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers
Phyllis Efford
McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers